Chapter 4: details of the battle of Manassas.
I have now told what I saw and did during the first battle of Manassas
, and as many very erroneous accounts of that battle, both in its general features and its details, were given by newspaper correspondents, from both sections, which have furnished the basis for most of the descriptions of it, contained errors-even in works professing to be authentic histories,--I will here give a succinct account of the battle from the authentic official reports, and my own knowledge as far as it extends.
On the morning of the 21st we held the line of Bull Run
, with our right at Union Mills
and our left at Stone Bridge
's brigade was at Union Mills
' at McLean's Ford, Longstreet
's at Blackburn's Ford, Bonham
's at Mitchell's Ford, Cocke
at the fords below Stone Bridge
, and Evans
's regiment and Wheat
's battalion was at the Stone Bridge
' brigade, which had arrived from Aquia Creek
, was some three miles in rear of Ewell
My brigade was in reserve to support Longstreet
, as might be required, and Jackson
's and parts of Bee
's and Bartow
's brigades of Johnston
's army — which had arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad--were held as a general reserve to be used as occasion might require.
The Warrenton Pike
crosses Bull Run
at Stone Bridge
, and its general direction from Centreville
is a little south of west.
MbDkowell's force had reached Centreville
on the 18th, and that day the 19th and 20th had been employed by him in reconnoitring.
Contrary to General Beauregard
's anticipations, McDowell
, instead of advancing against our centre on the morning of the 21st, left one division (Miles') and a brigade of another (Tyler
's) to hold Centreville
and amuse our right and centre, while