soldier, was in fact controlling the operations and was in constant communication by telegraph with McDowell
, who had been his aide and was selected to carry out his plans.
was in fact the commander and McDowell
was merely his executive officer in the field.
The former was the responsible man and to his name must be attached the discredit for the failure at Bull Run
's whole force been thrown against our centre on the day Tyler
advanced on Blackburn's Ford, our line must have been broken and a defeat to us must have ensued, for at that time our troops were too few and too much scattered to have furnished sufficient resistance to the enemy's overwhelming force, or to have permitted an effective attack on his flanks.
By delay this opportunity was lost and the two armies were concentrated against McDowell
seems to have made an honest effort to conduct the campaign on the principles of civilized warfare, and expressed a very just indignation at the excesses committed by his troops.
In a dispatch from Fairfax Court-House, dated the 18th of July, he said: “I am distressed to have to report excesses by our troops.
The excitement of the men found vent in burning and pillaging, which, however, was soon checked.
It distressed us all greatly.”
On the same day he issued an order from which I make the following extract: