Chapter 45: battle of Winchester.
At light on the morning of the 19th, our cavalry pickets, at the crossing of the Opequon
on the Berryville
road, were driven in, and information having been sent me of that fact, I immediately ordered all the troops at Stephenson
's depot to be in readiness to move, directions being given for Gordon
, who had arrived from Bunker Hill
, to move at once, but by some mistake on the part of my staff officer, the latter order was not delivered to General Breckenridge
I rode at once to Ramseur
's position, and found his troops in line across the Berryville
road skirmishing with the enemy.
Before reaching this point, I had ascertained that Gordon
was not moving and sent back for him, and now discovering that the enemy's advance was a real one and in heavy force, I sent orders for Breckenridge
to move up as rapidly as possible.
The position occupied by Ramseur
was about one mile and a half out from Winchester
, on an elevated plateau between Abraham's Creek
and Red Bud Run. Abraham's Creek
crosses the Valley Pike
one mile south of Winchester
, and then crosses the Front Royal
road about the same distance southeast of the town, and running eastwardly, on the southern side of the Berryville
road, crosses that road a short distance before it empties into the Opequon
Red Bud Run crosses the Martinsburg
road about a mile and a half north of Winchester
and runs eastwardly, on the northern side of the Berryville
road, to the Opequon
was therefore in the obtuse angle formed by the Martinsburg
and Front Royal roads. In front of and to the right of him, for some distance, the country was open.
runs through a deep valley, and beyond it, on the right, is high open ground, at the intersection of the Front Royal