- Lee announces a victory.
-- crosses the Potomac.
-- battle of Sharpsburg.
-- McClellan pauses at the Potomac.
-- Lee moves mysteriously.
-- the campaign a doubtful one in its material results.
-- horrible scene near Washington.
-- Conscription enlarged.
-- heavy loss at Sharpsburg.-10,000 in the hospitals here.
Official dispatches from Lee
, announcing a “signal victory,” by the blessing of God, “over the combined forces of the enemy.”
That is glory enough for a week.
says “signal victory,” we know exactly what it means, and we breathe freely.
Our generals never
modify their reports of victories.
They see and know the extent of what has been done before they speak of it, and they never mislead by exaggerated accounts of successes.
The enemy fled, and left enough ordnance stores for a campaign!
It was one of their principal depots.
We lament the fall of Ewell-not
killed, but his leg has been amputated.
The enemy themselves report the loss, in killed and wounded, of eight generals
! And Lee
says, up to the time of writing, he had paroled 7000 prisoners, taken 10,000 stand of small arms, 50 odd cannon, and immense stores!
The enemy's loss in the series of battles, in killed, wounded, and prisoners, is estimated at 30,000.
Where is the braggart Pope
Disgraced eternally, deprived of his command
by his own government, and sent to Minnesota
to fight the Indians!
in his nature, he is only fit to fight with savages!
Our army knows no rest.
But I fear this incessant marching and fighting may prove too much for many of the tender boys.
We have authentic accounts of our army crossing the Potomac
We see by the Northern
papers that Pope
claimed a great victory over Lee
It was too much even for the lying editors themselves!
The Federal army being hurled back on the Potomac
, and then compelled to cross it, it was too transparently ridiculous for the press to contend for the victory.
And now they confess to a series of defeats from the 26th June to the culminating calamity of the 30th August.
They acknowledge they have been beaten-badly beaten-but they will not admit that our army has crossed into Maryland
. Well, Lee
's dispatch to the President
is dated “Headquarters, Frederick city.”
We believe him.
But the Marylanders have not risen yet
. Some of our divisions have touched the soil of Pennsylvania
. And I believe the whole Yankee host would leave Washington
, escaping by the Potomac
, if it were not for the traitors here, who go to Norfolk
by flag of truce, and inform the Lincoln Government
(for pay) that we have no troops here-none between this and Manassas
, none all the way to Lee
, while thousands in the army are prostrated with physical exhaustion.
, what a scare they are having in the North
They are calling everybody to arms for the defense of Philadelphia
, and they are removing specie, arms, etc., from Harrisburg
and all the intervening towns.
This is the chalice so long held by them to our lips.
On the very day that Lee
gained the signal victory at Manassas
, Kirby Smith
gained one at Richmond, Kentucky
, capturing thousands of prisoners.
This is not chance-it is God, to whom all the glory is due.
is trembling to its center.
That abolition city, half foreign and half American, is listening for the thunder of our avenging guns.
The ranks of the enemy are broken everywhere
in the West
is flying to Nashville
as a city of refuge, but we have invincible columns interposed between him and his country.
has impressed 10,000 slaves, and is fortifying Nashville
Our army has entered the City of Lexington
, and the population hail our brave soldiers as deliverers.
Three regiments were organized there in twenty-four hours, and thirty thousand recruits, it is thought, will flock to our standard in Kentucky
Our flag floats over the Capitol
And Gen. Marshall
, lately the exile and fugitive, is encamped with his men on his own farm, near Paris
Intelligence from Missouri
states that the Union
militia have rallied on the side of the South
Everything seems to indicate the “breaking up” of the armies of our enemies, as if our prayers had been answered, and the hosts of Lincoln
were really to be “brought to confusion.”
To-day, in response to the President
's proclamation, we give thanks to Almighty God for the victories he has blessed us with.
And God has blessed us even more abundantly than we supposed.
The rumor that our invincible Stonewall Jackson
had been sent by Lee
to Harper's Ferry
, and had taken it, is true.
Nearly 12,000 men surrendered there on the 15th inst., after the loss of two or three hundred on their side, and only three
killed and a few wounded on ours.
We got 90 guns, 15,000 stand of small arms, 18,000 fine horses, 200 wagons, and storesof various kinds, worth millions.
was doing his work, Mc-Clellan, who has been restored to command, marched at the head of 100,000 men to the rescue of Harper's Ferry
, but D. P. Hill
, with his single division, kept him at bay for many hours, until Longstreet
came to his assistance, and night fell upon the scene.
soon concentrated his weary columns at Sharpsburg
, near Shepherdstown
, and on the 17th inst. gave battle.
We got the first news of this battle from a Northern paper---the Philadelphia Inquirer-which
claimed a great victory, having killed and
taken 40,000 of our men, made Jackson
prisoner, and wounded Longstreet
But the truth is, we lost 5000 and the enemy 20,000.
At the next dawn Lee
opened fire again — but, lo I the enemy had fled!
We have one day of gloom.
It is said that our army has retreated back into Virginia
There are rumors that only Jackson
's corps recrossed the Potomac
to look after a column of the enemy sent to recapture Harper's Ferry
and take Winchester
, our grand depot.
, the ubiquitous and invincible, fell upon Burnside
's division and annihilated it. This intelligence has been received by the President
We have, also, news from Kentucky
It comes this time in the New York Herald
, and is true, as far as it goes.
A portion of Buell
's army, escaping from Nashville
, marched to Mumfordsville, where Bragg cut them to pieces, taking 5000 prisoners! It cannot be possible that this is more than half the truth.
The newsboys are selling extras in the streets containing these glorious accounts.
The papers this morning are still in doubt whether Lee
has returned to the Virginia
side of the Potomac
, or remains in Maryland
My theory is that he is perdue
for the present, hoping all the enemy's forces will enter Virginia
, from Washington
— when he will pounce upon that city and cut off their retreat.
The Northern papers contain intimations of the existence of a conspiracy to dethrone Lincoln
, and put a military Dictator at the head of the government.
is named as the man. It is alleged that this movement is to be made by the Abolitionists, as if Lincoln
were not sufficiently radical for them!
A call has been made by Congress for explanations of the arrest of a citizen of Virginia
, by Gen. Winder
, for procuring a substitute for a relative, Gen.
W., supposing his powers ample, under martial law, had forbidden agents to procure substitutes.
This was in contravention of an act of Congress, legalizing substitutes.
be sustained, it is said we shall have inaugurated a military despotism.
I have just seen persons from the Eastern Shore of Virginia
They say my farm there has not been disturbed 1
by the enemy.
I think it probable they knew nothing about its ownership, or it would have been devastated.
My agent sent me a little money, part of the rent of year before last.
My tenant is getting rich.
After peace I shall reside there myself.
How I long for the independent life of a farmer!
is selling at $16 per cord, and coal at $9 per load.
How can we live here, unless our salaries are increased?
The matter is under consideration by Congress, and we hope
for favorable action.
has resigned and gone back to his school at Charlottesville
Blankets, that used to sell for $6, are now $25 per pair; and sheets are selling for $15 per pair, which might have been had a year ago for $4. Common 44 bleached cotton
shirting is selling at $1 a yard.
's locality and operations, since the battle of Sharpsburg
, are still enveloped in mystery.
About one hundred of the commissioned officers of Pope
's army, taken prisoners by Jackson
, and confined as felons in our prisons, in conformity to the President
's retaliatory order, were yesterday released on parole, in consequence of satisfactory communications from the United States Government, disavowing Pope
's orders, I presume, and stating officially the fact that Pope
himself has been relieved from command.
We have taken, and paroled, within the last twelve or fifteen weeks, no less than forty odd thousand prisoners
! The United States
us some thirty thousand men. This does not look like progress in the work of subjugation.
Horrible! I have seen men just from Manassas
, and the battlefield of the 30th August, where, they assure me, hundreds of dead Yankees still lie unburied!
They are swollen “as large as cows,” say they, “and are as black as crows.”
No one can now undertake to bury them.
When the wind blows from that direction, it is said the scent of carrion is distinctly perceptible at the White
House in Washington
. It is said the enemy are evacuating Alexandria
I do not believe this.
A gentleman (Georgian) to whom I gave a passport to visit the army, taking two substitutes, over forty-five years of age, in place of two sick young men in the hospitals, informs me that he got upon the ground just before the great battle at Sharpsburg
The substitutes were mustered in, and in less than an hour after their arrival, one of them was shot through the hat and hair, but his head was untouched.
He says they fought as well as veterans.
The press here have no knowledge of the present locality of Gen. Lee
and his army.
But a letter was received from Gen.
L. at the department yesterday, dated on this side of the Potomac
, about eighteen miles above Harper's Ferry
It is stated that several hundred prisoners, taken at Sharpsburg
, are paroled prisoners captured at Harper's Ferry
If this be so (and it is said they will be here to-night), I think it probable an example will be made of them.
This unpleasant duty may not be avoided by our government.
After losing in killed and wounded, in the battle of Sharpsburg
, ten generals, and perhaps twenty thousand men, we hear no more of the advance of the enemy; and Lee
seems to be lying perdue
, giving them an opportunity to ruminate on the difficulties and dangers of “subjugation.”
I pray we may soon conquer a peace with the North
; but then I fear we shall have trouble among ourselves.
Certainly there is danger, after the war, that Virginia
, and, perhaps, a sufficient number of the States to form a new constitution, will meet in convention and form a new government.
, of Mississippi
, who fell at Sharpsburg
, was an acquaintance of mine.
His daughters were educated with mine at St. Mary's Hall, Burlington, N. J.
-and were, indeed, under my care.
The papers this morning contain accounts of the landing of Yankees at White House
, York River
; and of reinforcements at Williamsburg
They might attempt to take Richmond
, while Lee
's army is away; for they know we have no large body of troops here.
A battery passed through the city this morning early, at doublequick
, going eastward.
Yesterday Congress passed an act, supplemental and amenda tory to the Conscription Act
of last April, authorizing the President
to call into the military service all residents between the ages of thirty-five and forty-five.
The first act included only those between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five.
By the 1st of January there will be $300,000,000 Treasury notes in circulation.
It is proposed in Congress to make a forced loan of one-fifth of the incomes of the people.
It is said Lincoln
has issued a proclamation declaring the slaves of Rebels free, on and after the 1st of January, 1863.
This will only intensify the war, and add largely to our numbers in the field.
A letter was received from General Lee
to-day, dated at Martinsburg
, giving a sad account of the army.
It seems that without some additional power given the President
by Congress to enforce discipline, he fears the army will melt away.
He suggests that incompetent officers be reduced to the ranks, and that more stringent regulations be adopted.
He is in no condition to advance now, since so many thousands of his men are permitted to wander away.
We shall be afflicted with fresh invasions-and that, if nothing else, may cause the stragglers to return.
The substance of Lee
's letter has been communicated to Congress, and that body, I understand, has postponed the day of adjournment until the 6th October.
In future times, I wonder if it will be said that we had great men in this Congress?
Whatever may be said
, the truth is, there are not a dozen with any pretensions to statesmanship.
We have Lincoln
's proclamation, freeing all the slaves from and after the 1st January next.
And another, declaring martial law throughout the United States
Let the Yankees
ruminate on that!
Now for a fresh
gathering of our clans for another harvest of blood.
On Saturday the following resolutions were reported by Mr. Semmes
, from the Committee
of the Judiciary, in the Senate:
That no officer of the Confederate Government is by law empowered to vest Provost Marshals with any authority whatever over citizens of the Confederate States not belonging to the land and naval forces thereof, or with general police powers and duties
for the preservation of the peace and good order of any city, town, or municipal district in any State of this Confederacy, and any such exercise of authority is illegal and void.
That no officer of the Confederate Government has constitutional or other lawful authority to limit or restrict, or in any manner to control, the exercise of the jurisdiction of the civil judicial tribunals of the States of this Confederacy, vested in them by the Constitution and laws of the States respectively; and all orders of any such officer tending to restrict or control or interfere with the full and normal exercise of the jurisdiction of such civil judicial tribunals are illegal and void.
We shall see what further action will follow.
This is in marked contrast to the despotic rule in the Yankee
Nevertheless, the Provost Marshal
here keeps his establishment in full blast.
He was appointed by Gen. Winder
, of Maryland
, who has been temporarily subordinated by Major-Gen. Smith
, of New York.
Since Gen. Smith
has been in command, the enemy has made raids to Leesburg
, and even Warrenton
, capturing and paroling our sick and wounded men. Who is responsible?
Accounts from Nashville
state that our cavalry is beleaguering that city, and that both the United States forces there, and the inhabitants of the town, are reduced nearly to starvation.
, it is said, has reached Louisville
We hope to hear soon of active operations in Kentucky
, and Smith
, and Price
, and Marshall
are there with abundant forces to be striking heavy blows.
is assigned to the defense of South Carolina
is again occupied by the enemy-but we have removed everything captured there.
The Northern papers now admit that the sanguinary battle of Sharpsburg
was without result.
I sent my wife money to-day, and urged her to return to Richmond
as soon as possible, as the enemy may cut the communications-being within forty miles of the railroad.
How I should like to think they were cut to pieces!
Then they would let us alone.
Hitherto 100,000 sick and wounded patients have been admitted into the army hospitals of this city.
Of these, about 10,000 have
been furloughed, 3000 discharged from the service, and only 7600 have died.
At present there are 10,000 in the hospitals.
There is not so much sickness this year as there was last, nor is it near so fatal.
Many of the Northern
papers seem to dissent from the policy of Lincoln
's proclamation, and hope
that evil consequences may not grow out of it. But how can it be possible for the people of the North
to submit to martial law?
The government which directs and enforces so obnoxious a tyranny cannot be sure of its stability.
And when the next army of invasion marches southward, it will be likely to have enemies in its rear as well as in its front.
exclaims “God bless Abraham Lincoln
Others, even in the North
, will pray for “God to — him!”
's proclamation was the subject of discussion in the Senate yesterday.
Some of the gravest of our senators favor the raising of the black flag
, asking and giving no quarter hereafter.
The yellow fever is raging at Wilmington, North Carolina
The President, in response to a resolution of inquiry concerning Hyde
, the agent who procured a substitute and was arrested for it, sent Congress a letter from the Secretary of War
, stating that the action of Gen. Winder
had not been approved, and that Mr. Hyde
had been discharged.
closes his letter with a sarcasm
, which, I think, is not his own composition.
He asks, as martial law is still existing, though the writ of habeas corpus
is not suspended, for instructions as to the power of the military commander
, to suppress tippling shops
-eral members declared that martial law existed in this city without any constitutional warrant.
There is much bad feeling between many members and the Executive
No fighting has occurred on the Peninsula
, and I believe Gen. Wise
has returned with his forces to Chaffin's Bluff.