power to abolish or interfere, in any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to service or labor by the laws of such State.
Only Jefferson Davis
and Robert Toombs
voted against it. He then proposed that the Fugitive Slave Law
of 1850 should be so amended as to secure to the alleged fugitive a trial by jury.
Stephen A. Douglas
amended it so as to have the alleged fugitive sent for trial to the State
from which he had escaped.
This was voted down, the Republicans and Mr. Crittenden
alone voting for it. Mr. Seward
further proposed that Congress should pass an efficient law for the punishment of persons engaged in the armed invasion of any State from another State, and all persons in complicity with them.
This, too, was rejected; and so was every thing short of full compliance with the demands of the Slave interest.
In the House Committee of Thirty-three were seen like failures to please the Oligarchy, notwithstanding great concessions were offered.
These concessions were embodied in an elaborate report submitted by Mr. Corwin
of the Committee
It condemned legislative interference with the Fugitive Slave Law
. It recommended the repeal of Personal Liberty Acts, in so far as they conflicted with that law. It recognized Slavery as existing in fifteen States of the Union
, and denied the existence of any power, outside of a State, competent to interfere with it. It urged the propriety of a faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law
. It recognized no conflicting elements in the National Constitution
and laws that might afford sufficient cause for a dissolution of the Union
, and enjoined upon Congress the duty of measuring out exact justice to all the States.
It declared it to be essential for the peace of the country for the several States faithfully to observe their constitutional obligations to each other; and that it was the duty of the National Government
to maintain its authority and protect its property everywhere.
It proposed that each State should be requested to revise its statutes, or to so amend the same, that citizens of other States therein might enjoy protection against popular violence, or illegal summary punishment for implied crimes without trial in due form of law; also, that the States should be requested to provide by law against the setting in motion, within their respective borders, any lawless invasion of another State.
The President was requested to send a copy of this report to the Governors
of the States, asking them to lay it before their respective Legislatures.
In addition to this report, Mr. Corwin
submitted a joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution
, whereby any further amendment, giving Congress power over Slavery in the States, was forbidden.
By a portion of the Committee
the report was considered too yielding, and two minority reports were submitted.
One by Messrs. Washburne
declared that, in view of the rebellion then in progress, no concessions should be made; and then they submitted, as a distinct proposition, Senator Clark
's substitute for Crittenden
Another, by Messrs. Burch
, proposed a convention of the States to amend the Constitution
A proposition was also made to substitute the Crittenden Compromise
, of Arkansas
, offered in the Senate a proposition, substantially the same as Crittenden
's, as “the ultimatum of the South
;” and Henry Winter Davis
, of Maryland
, proposed a resolution to