- Grant and his victorious Army
-- expedition up the Tennessee River planned, 261.
-- Grant's Army on transports on the Tennessee
-- skirmish at Pittsburg Landing, 262.
-- events near Pittsburg Landing
-- Sherman at Shiloh Church, 263.
-- movements of Buell's Army
-- Morgan, the guerrilla chief, 264.
-- Mitchel's extraordinary March southward, 265.
-- capture of Huntsville, Alabama, 266.
-- Memphis and Charleston railway seized
-- Grant's Army near Pittsburg Landing, 267.
-- its position on the 6th of April, 268.
-- the Confederate Army at Corinth
-- its forward movement, 269.
-- preparations for battle by the Confederates
-- the Nationals unsuspicious of danger, 270.
-- opening of the battle of Shiloh, 271.
-- First day of the battle of Shiloh, 273.
-- General Grant on the battle
-- field, 274.
-- defeat of the National Army, 275.
-- General Lewis Wallace's troops expected
-- the cause of their delay, 276.
-- the Confederates prepare for a night attack, 277.
-- arrival of Buell's forces, 278.
-- opening of the Second day's battle on the right by Wallace's troops, 279.
-- the struggle on the left, 280.
-- the final contest for victory, 281.
-- defeat of the Confederates on the right, 282.
-- flight of the Confederate Army
-- miseries .of the retreat, 283.
-- disposition of the dead
-- Jouney from Meridian to Corinth, 284.
-- visit to the battle
-- field of Shiloh
-- journey from Corinth to the field, 285.
-- a night on Shiloh battle
-- field, 286.
-- a victim of the wicked rebellion
-- effects of shot and shell on the battle
-- ground, 287.
Let us return to Tennessee
, and observe what Generals Grant
did immediately after the fall of Fort Donelson
, and the flight of the Confederates
, civil and military, from Nashville
We left General Grant
at the Tennessee
capital, in consultation with General Buell
His praise was upon every loyal lip. His sphere of action had just been enlarged.
On hearing of his glorious victory at Fort Donelson
, General Halleck
him to the command of the new District of West Tennessee, which embraced the territory from Cairo
, between the Mississippi
and Cumberland Rivers
, to the northern borders of the State of Mississippi
, with his Headquarters in the field.
It was a wide and important stage for action, and he did not rest on the laurels he had won on the Tennessee
, but at once turned his attention to the business of moving vigorously forward in the execution of his part of the grand scheme for expelling the armed Confederates from the Mississippi valley
, For that purpose he made his Headquarters temporarily at Fort Henry
, where General Lewis Wallace
was in command, and began a new organization of his forces for further and important achievements.
's flotilla was withdrawn from the Cumberland
, and a part of it was sent up the Tennessee River
, while its commander, as we have observed, Went down the Mississippi
with a more powerful naval armament to co-operate with the land troops against Columbus
, Island Number10
, and New Madrid.
An important objective was Corinth
, in Northern Mississippi
, at the intersection of the Charleston
railroads, and the seizure of that point, as a strategic position of vital importance, was Grant
It would give the National
forces control of the great rail.
way communications between the Mississippi
and the East
, and the border slave-labor States and the Gulf of Mexico
It would also facilitate the capture of Memphis
by forces about to move down the Mississippi
, and would give aid to the important movement of General Curtis
was taking vigorous measures to accomplish this desirable end, when an order came from General Halleck
directing him to turn over his forces to his junior in rank, General C. F. Smith
, and to remain himself at Fort Henry
was astonished and mortified.
He was unconscious of acts deserving of the displeasure of his superior, and he requested Halleck
to relieve him entirely from duty.
That officer, made satisfied that no fault could justly be found with Grant
, wrote a letter to Headquarters that removed all misconception, and on the 14th of March the latter was restored to the chief command.1
This satisfied the loyal people, who were becoming impatient because of seeming injustice toward a successful commander.
Meanwhile the troops that gathered at Fort Henry
had been sent up the Tennessee
The unarmored gun-boats Tyler
had gone forward as far as Pittsburg Landing
, at the termination of a road
, and about twenty miles from that place.
There they were assailed by a six-gun battery, which, after a mutual cannonade, was silenced.
When the report of this success reached General Smith
, sixty-nine transports, with over thirty thousand troops, were moved up the river.3
The advance (Forty-sixth Ohio, Colonel Worthington
) landed at Savannah
the capital of Hardin County
, on the eastern bank of the stream, and took military possession of the place.
, whose headquarters were on the steamer Leonora
, immediately sent out scouts in the direction of Corinth
, where Beauregard
was straining every nerve to concentrate an army to oppose this formidable movement.
Their reports satisfied him that the Confederates
were not then more than ten thousand strong in his front, and that their capture or dispersion would be an. easy matter.
He hoped to be allowed to move upon them at once, and, as a preparatory measure, he ordered