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[308] in the suburbs of the town, his Headquarters, and there, on the following day, he issued an order, appointing General Foster military governor of the city,, and directing the places of public worship to be opened on Sunday, the 16th, at a suitable hour, in order that the chaplains of the different regiments might holds divine service in them; the bells to be rung as usual. On the same day Burnside issued an order, congratulating his troops on account of the “brilliant and

Burnside's Headquarters, New Berne.

hard-won victory,” and directed each regiment engaged in it to place the name of New Berne on its banner. In his report, he spoke in the highest terms of the courage and fidelity of his troops, and gave to the general-in-chief (McClellan) the credit of planning the expedition.1

In this battle the Nationals lost about one hundred in killed and four hundred and ninety-eight in wounded. Among the former were Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Merritt, of the Twenty-third Massachusetts, and other gallant officer s and men. The loss of the Confederates wa s much less in killed and wounded, but two hundred of them were made prisoners.2 The spoils of victory were many and important,;3 and the possession of the town of New Berne, by which the Wilmington and Weldon Railway, the great line of travel between the North and the South, was exposed, gave to the National cause in that region an almost in calculable advantage. Its moral effect was prodigious, and greatly disheartened the enemies of the Government, who saw in it “a subject of keen mortification to the South.” 4

In the midst of the horrors of war at New Berne, and almost before the smoke of battle was dissipated, the Christian spirit of the friends of the Government was made conspicuous in acts of benevolence by the generous deeds of Vincent Colyer, a well-known citizen of New York, and the originator of the Christian commission of the army, whose holy ministrations, nearly co-extensive with those of the United States Sanitary commission, in the camp, the field, and the hospital, throughout almost the entire period of the war, will be considered hereafter. Mr. Colyer was with Burnside's

1 “I beg to say to the general commanding the army,” he wrote, “that I have endeavored to carry out the very minute instructions given me by him before leaving Annapolis, and thus far events have been singularly coincident with his anticipations.”

2 They reported their loss at 64 killed, 101 wounded, and 413 missing.

3 These were the important town and harbor of New Berne; eight batteries mounting forty-six heavy guns; three batteries of light artillery of six guns each; two steamboats; a number of sailing vessels; wagons, horses, and mules; a large quantity of ammunition and army supplies; the entire camp equipage of the Confederates; and much turpentine, rosin, and cotton,

4 Pollard's First Year of the, War, i. 288.

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