- The opposing armies in Northern Georgia, 374.
-- Sherman's advance
-- battle of Resaca, 375.
-- the Nationals in possession of Resaca
-- flight and pursuit of the Confederates, 376.
-- a series of battles and skirmishes between Resaca and Big Kenesaw, 377.
-- the Confederates on and around Kenesaw hard pressed, 378.
-- operations around Kenesaw
-- battle of the Kulp House, 380.
-- a race for the Chattahoochee
-- movements of the National troops, 381.
-- the Nationals across the Chattahoochee, 382.
-- Atlanta invested, 383.
-- the Confederates and their works at Atlanta, 384.
-- a bold movement by Hood, 385.
-- First battle of Atlanta, 386.
-- Stoneman sent on a cavalry raid, 387.
-- misfortunes of Stoneman's command, 388
-- reorganization of Sherman's Army
-- Hood flanked at Atlanta, 389.
-- Second battle of Atlanta, 390.
-- siege of Atlanta raised, 391.
-- battles at Jonesboroa, 392.
-- Hood's flight from Atlanta, 393.
-- Sherman in Atlanta, 394.
-- Sherman and the people of Atlanta, 395.
-- Hood on Sherman's communications, 396.
-- battle of Allatoona Pass, 397.
-- Hood chased into Northern Alabama by Sherman, 398.
-- Sherman's preparations for a March to the sea, 399.
-- the author's visit to the scenes of the campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta, 401, 402, 403, 404.
At the same time when the Army of the Potomac moved from the Rapid Anna
, at the beginning of May, General William T. Sherman
, who had succeeded General Grant
in the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, marched southward from the vicinity of Chattanooga
with nearly one hundred thousand men,1
having for his chief objectives, the destruction of the Confederate army under General Joseph E. Johnston
, then at Dalton
, in Northern Georgia
and the capture of the city of Atlanta
received his orders from Lieutenant-General Grant
y to advance, on the 30th of April, and he moved on the 6th of May.
On that morning the Army of the Cumberland lay at and near Ringgold
; that of the Tennessee
and Gordon's Mill,3
on the Chickamauga
, and that of the Ohio
near Red Clay
, on the Georgia
line north of Dalton
The Confederate army then lay in and about Dalton
To strike that position in front was impracticable, for between the armies lay a rugged
mountain barrier known as the Rocky Face Ridge
Through it, at an opening called Buzzard's Roost Gap,4
small stream flowed and the railway and wagon road passed; but it was so thoroughly fortified that no army could safely attempt the passage.
therefore determined to turn the Confederate
position at Dalton
, and for that purpose he sought a passage of the great hills at Snake Creek Gap, farther south.
To mask that movement, General Thomas
's front; but in so doing, he had quite a severe engagement with the Confederates
at Buzzard's Roost Gap.
He pushed their cavalry well through the pass, and two divisions (Newton
's of Howard
's [Fourth] corps, and Geary
's, of Hooker
's [Twentieth] corps) gained portions of the Ridge
But they were soon driven off with considerable loss.
, with the Army of the Ohio, came down from the north and pressed heavily on Johnston
's right; and McPherson
, marching rapidly from the Chickamauga
, by way of Ship's Gap and Villanow
, passed through Snake Creek Gap, at the southern end of the Chattanooga Mountain
, and appeared suddenly before the Confederate
works at and near Resaca
, on the railway south of Dalton
These works were too formidable to warrant an attack with his force alone, and so McPherson
fell back to a strong position in Snake Creek Gap, to await the arrival of the main army.
was somewhat disappointed by the result of McPherson
's movement, but felt that an advantage was gained.
On the 10th
he ordered Thomas
to send Hooker
's corps to the support of McPherson
, and to follow with Palmer
's (Fourteenth) corps.
was ordered to follow on the same day with his entire force; and on the 11th the whole army, excepting Howard
's corps and some cavalry left to menace Johnston
's front at Dalton
, was marching in the grand turning movement, westward of Rocky Pace Ridge, for Snake Creek Gap and Resaca
This compelled Johnston
to abandon Dalton
, and fall back, closely pursued by Howard
, to the menaced position.
That position, by good and direct roads, he reached, and took post behind a line of intrenchments, before