National line, and the open space around Chancellorsville
This disposition of his left wing being made known to Lee
during the night, he directed Stuart
to incline to the right, while McLaws
, under Lee
's immediate command, should move to the left so as to form a junction of the separated army.
Such was the situation of the opposing forces on Sunday morning, the 3d of May, when, at dawn, Stuart
advanced to the attack with the whole of Lee
's left wing, under cover of artillery, and shouting, when he came in sight of the Nationals, “Charge, and remember Jackson
He swung around his right, and seizing the elevation which the Eleventh Corps had been driven from on Saturday, he soon had thirty pieces of artillery in position there, and playing with destructive effect upon his antagonist.
With a courage bordering on desperation, his men rushed down the road toward Chancellorsville
, and charged heavily upon the National
line fronting westward, composed of the corps of Sickles
and the divisions of Berry
, the last two supported by the divisions of Whipple
A severe struggle ensued.
The right of the Confederates
pressed back the Nationals and seized the commanding position at Hazel Grove
, with four pieces of cannon, which were speedily brought to bear upon the Unionists with fearful effect.
At the same time Stuart
's left and center pressed heavily upon Sickles
, who, when his ammunition began to fail, was driven back from the first line of works, and compelled to hold his position for a time with the bayonet.
the battle raged furiously.
The tide of success ebbed and flowed for more than an hour, while the result was doubtful.
sent to Hooker
for re-enforcements and ammunition, but when his messenger reached Headquarters he found the chief almost senseless, having been prostrated by a pillar of the Chancellor House
, which had been struck by a cannon ball and thrown violently against him. The command had devolved on Couch
(who withdrew Headquarters from the Chancellor House
), and an hour — a most precious hour — passed by while the army was practically without a head.
did not receive the needed re-enforcements.
was occupied by a force menacing his front.
was not called into action, and Howard
's corps was unavailable.
French had gallantly assailed Stuart
's left, confused it, and captured several hundred of its men; but he was soon pressed back, and while Stuart
was bearing heavily upon Sickles
, pressing along the plank road from the direction of Fredericksburg
, attacked Meade
, when the skirmish line of Hancock
's division repulsed him, while Anderson
, bearing heavily upon Slocum
, succeeded in joining Stuart
by a thin line.