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Doc. 125. the peace of Missouri.


Negotiations between Generals Fremont and Price.

Whereas Maj.-Gen. Sterling Price, commanding the Missouri State Guard, by letter dated at his Headquarters near Neosho, Missouri, October 26, 1861, has expressed a desire to enter into some arrangement with Maj.-Gen. John C. Fremont, commanding the forces of the United States, to facilitate the future exchange of prisoners of war released on parole; also, that all persons heretofore arrested for the mere expression of political opinions may be released from confinement or parole; also, that in future the war be confined exclusively to the armies in the field, and has authorized and empowered Major Henry W. Williams and D. Robert Barclay, Esq., to enter into such an arrangement in his behalf;

And whereas Major-General John C. Fremont concurs with Major-General Price;

Now, therefore, It is hereby stipulated and agreed by and between Maj.-Gen. John C. Fremont and Maj.-Gen. Sterling Price, as follows, to wit:

First.--A joint proclamation shall be issued, signed by Maj.-Gen. Fremont and Maj.-Gen. Price, in proper person, in the following language, to wit:

proclamation.

To all peaceably disposed citizens of the State of Missouri greeting:
Whereas A solemn agreement has been entered into by Major-Generals Fremont and Price, respectively commanding antagonistic forces in the State of Missouri, to the effect, that in future arrests or forcible interference by armed or unarmed parties of citizens within the limits of said State for the mere entertainment or expression of political opinions, shall hereafter cease; that families now broken up for such causes may be reunited, and that the war now progressing shall be exclusively confined to armies in the field; therefore, be it known to all whom it may concern--

1. No arrests whatever on account of political opinions, or for the merely private expression of the same, shall hereafter be made within the limits of the State of Missouri, and all persons who may have been arrested and are now held to answer upon such charges only, shall be forthwith released. But it is expressly declared that nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to bar or interfere with any of the usual and regular proceedings of the established courts and statutes and orders made and provided for such offences.

2. All peaceably-disposed citizens who may have been driven from their homes because of their political opinions, or who may have left them from fear of force and violence, are hereby advised and permitted to return, upon the faith of our positive assurances that while so returning they shall receive protection from both armies in the field, whenever it can be given.

3. All bodies of armed men acting without the authority or recognition of the Major-Gen. before named, and not legitimately connected with the armies in the field, are hereby ordered at once to disband. [270]

4. Any violation of either of the foregoing articles shall subject the offender to the penalty of military law, according to the nature of the offence.

In testimony whereof, the aforesaid John Charles Fremont, at Springfield, Mo., on the first day of November, A. D. 1861, and Major-General Sterling Price, at----, on this----day of November, A. D. 1861, have hereunto set their hands, and hereby mutually pledge their earnest efforts to the enforcement of the above articles of agreement, according to their full tenor and effect, to the best of their ability.

Second.--Brig.-Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, or the officer in command at Benton barracks, is hereby authorized and empowered to represent Major-General Fremont; and Col. D. H. Arm-strong, Hon. J. Richard Barrett, and Col. Robert M. Renick, or either of them, are hereby authorized and empowered to represent Major-Gen. Price; and the parties so named are hereby authorized, whenever applied to for that purpose, to negotiate for the exchange of any and all persons who may hereafter be taken prisoners of war and released on parole; such exchanges to be made upon the plan heretofore approved and acted upon, to wit: grade for grade, or two officers of lower grade as an equivalent in rank for one of a higher grade, as shall be thought just and equitable.

Thus done and agreed at Springfield, Missouri, this first day of November, 1861.

By order of Major-General Fremont.


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