Question. Did any of those you have mentioned escape from Fort Pillow? Answer. There were eight or nine men, I forget the number, who did escape and come here; the others were paroled. I learned the following facts about that: The day after the battle a gunboat was coming up, and commenced shelling the place; the rebels sent a flag of truce for the purpose of giving over into our hands what wounded remained alive; a transport then landed, and sent out details to look about the grounds and pick up the wounded there, and bring them on the boat. They had no previous attention. Question. They were then brought under your charge? Answer. They were brought immediately to this hospital. Question. Who commanded that boat? Answer. I forget the naval officer's name. Question. How long after the capture of the place did he come along? Answer. That was the next day after the capture. Question. Did all who were paroled in this way come under your charge, or did any of them go to other hospitals? Answer. None went to other hospitals that I am aware of. Question. Please state their condition. Answer. They were the worst butchered men I have ever seen. I have been in several hard battles, but I have never seen men so mangled as they were; and nearly all of them concur in stating that they received all their wounds after they had thrown down their arms, surrendered, and asked for quarters. They state that they ran out of the Fort, threw down their arms, and ran down the bank to the edge of the river, and were pursued to the top of the bank and fired on from above. Question. Were there any females there? Answer. I have one wounded woman from there. Question. Were there any children or young persons there? Answer. I have no wounded children or young persons from there. Question. Those you have received were mostlp combatants, or had been? Answer. Yes, sir; soldiers, white or colored. Question. Were any of the wounded here in the hospital in the Fort, and wounded while in the hospital? Answer. I so understand them. Question. How many in that condition did you understand? Answer. I learned from those who came here that nearly all who were in the hospital were killed. I received a young negro boy, probably sixteen years old, who was in the hospital there sick with fever, and unable to get away. The rebels entered the hospital, and with a sabre hacked his head, no doubt with the intention of splitting it open. The boy put up his hand to protect his head, and they cut off one or two of his fingers. He was brought here insensible, and died yesterday. I made a post-mortem examination, and found that the outer table of the skull was incised, the inner table was fractured, and a piece driven into the brain. Question. This was done while he was sick in the hospital? Answer. Yes, sir, unable to get off his bed. Question. Have you any means of knowing how many were murdered in that way? Answer. No positive means, except the statement of the men. Question. How many do you suppose from the information you have received? Answer. I suppose there were about four hundred massacred — murdered there. Question. What proportion white, and what proportion colored, as near as you could ascertain? Answer. The impression I have, from what I can learn, is, that all the negroes were massacred except about eighty, and all the white soldiers were killed except about one hundred, or one hundred and ten. Question. We have heard rumors that some of these persons were buried alive; did you hear any thing about that? Answer. I have two in the hospital here who were buried alive. Question. Both colored men? Answer. Yes, sir. Question. How did they escape? Answer. One of them I have not conversed with personally; the other I have. He was thrown into a pit, as he states, with a great many others, white and black, several of whom were alive; they were all buried up together. He lay on the outer edge, but his head was nearer the surface; he had one well hand, and with that hand he was able to work a place through which he could breathe, and in that way he got his head out; he lay there for some twenty-four hours, and was finally taken out by somebody. The others, next to him, were buried so deep that they could not get out, and died. Question. Did you hear any thing about any of them having been thrown into the flames and burned? Answer. I do not know any thing about that myself. These men did not say much, and in fact I did not myself have time to question them very closely. Question. What is the general condition now of the wounded men from Fort Pillow under your charge? Answer. They are in as good condition as they can be; probably about one third of them must die. Question. Is your hospital divided into wards, and can we go through and take the testimony of these men, ward by ward? Answer. It is divided into wards. The men from Fort Pillow are scattered through the hospital, and isolated to prevent erysipelas. If I
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Table of Contents:
Doc . 3 .-attack on the defences of Mobile .
Surrender of Fort Powell .
Battle of Olustee .
Battle of Pleasant Hill .
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