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Doc. 131.-raid on Fairfax Court-House, Va.

The following is the official report of Lieutenant O'Connor concerning the raid at Fairfax Court-House, and the capture of Colonel Stoughton.

Provost-Marshal's office, Fairfax Court-House, Va., March 18.
Colonel Wyndham, Commanding Cavalry Brigade and Post:
sir: On the night of the eighth instant, say about two or half-past 2 A. M., Captain Mosely with his command entered this village by an easterly direction, then advanced upon my outer vidette, when he challenged, (no countersign out.) The rebel picket or scout advanced, presenting at the same time two revolvers to his head, and threatening to blow his brains out if he said a word, demanding his arms, etc., when the force came up and captured every man on patrol, with horses, equipments, etc., until reaching the provost-marshal's stables, when they halted and entered the stables, taking every horse available with them.

They then proceeded to Colonel Stoughton's stables, captured his guard, took his horses, and those of his aids. They then proceeded to Col. Wyndham's headquarters, and took all the horses and movable property with them. In the mean time others (of Capt. Mosely's command) were despatched to all quarters where officers were lodged. taking them out of their beds, together with the telegraph operator, assistant, etc. They searched the provost-marshal's office, and finding him absent, went to the post hospital, and there made diligent search for him, offering a reward for him. The provost-marshal had just left the street, say ten minutes before they entered, and went across some vacant lots to ascertain from one of his videttes if he had caught any horses, or horse-thieves. Another party, ten in number, proceeded to Colonel Stoughton's headquarters, taking him, and one of his aids, named Prentiss, (who afterward made his escape,) prisoners.

They then proceeded to Colonel Wyndham's headquarters, and took Captain Barker, of the Fifth New-York cavalry, and also Baron Vardner, who was stopping at the Colonel's. In the mean time, another party of them entered the residence of Colonel Johnson, and searched the house for him. He had, previous to their entering the town, heard of their movements, and believing them to be the patrol, went out to halt them, but soon found out his mistake. He then entered the house again (he being in a nude state) and got out back-ward, they in hot pursuit of him. He, however, evaded them by getting under a barn, and had scarcely concealed himself when a guard of three men was placed upon it.

It is supposed that they entered our lines between Frying-Pan and Henderson's stations, taking a diagonal course to come in at the lower end of the village. On leaving, they went out by way of Colonel Wyndham's stables (south-west) and proceeded toward Centreville, cutting telegraph wires as they went along. I am told by parties who had seen them that they were some three hundred strong.

I have the honor to remain, respectfully, your obedient servant,

Lieutenant D. L. O'Connor, Provost-Marshal.


Richmond Enquirer account.

Richmond, March 18.
A gentleman in Richmond received lately the subjoined letter from Capt. John S. Mosby, and having shown it to us, we take the liberty of making the gallant Captain tell the story of his brilliant act. The letter was entirely private, and is published by us without the knowledge or consent of either party:

my dear sir: . . . . You have already seen something in the newspapers of my recent raid on the Yankees, though I see they all call me Mosley instead of Mosby. I had only twenty. nine men under my command. I penetrated about ten miles in their lines, rode right up to the General's headquarters, surrounded by infantry, artillery, and cavalry, took him out of bed, and brought him off. I walked into his room with two of my men, and shaking him in bed, said: “General, get up.” He rose up, rubbing [444] his eyes, and asked what was the meaning of all this. I replied: “It means, sir, that Stuart's cavalry are in possession of this place, and you are a prisoner.” We also surrounded the Headquarters of Colonel Wyndham, (Acting Brigadier of cavalry,) but unfortunately he had gone down to Washington. We got his Assistant Adjutant-General, and also his Aid, an Austrian, Baron Wordener. There was an immense amount of all kinds of stores collected there ; but I was unable to destroy them, as they were in houses, without destroying the town. The horses we brought off were mostly very fine, belonging to officers. If I had had enough men, I could have brought off hundreds. It was my purpose to have reached the Court-House by twelve o'clock at night; but it being very dark and raining, we got lost, and were delayed two hours, so that we did not have over an hour to stay in town, it being necessary for us to pass out of their lines before daylight. In coming out we passed within two hundred yards of the fortifications at Centreville, and were hailed by a sentinel from one of the redoubts. A Captain Barker, from New-York, here made a desperate attempt to get away. He dashed out of the ranks and tried hard to reach the fort, but a shot from one of my men convinced him that it was a dangerous undertaking, and he came back. At Centreville there was a force of about two thousand, consisting of infantry, artillery, and cavalry. In the vicinity of the Court-House one cavalry and one infantry brigade were camped. There were about two hundred just in the town. We easily captured the few guards around the town, as they never dreamed we were any body else but Yankees, until they saw a pistol pointed at their heads, with a demand for a surrender. . .

Yours, truly,


The following is General Stuart's order:

General orders.

headquarters, cavalry division, army of Northern Virginia, March 12, 1863.
Captain John S. Mosby has for a long tine attracted the attention of his generals by his boldness, skill, and success, so signally displayed in his numerous forays upon the invaders of his native State.

None know his daring enterprise and dashing heroism better than those foul invaders, though strangers themselves to such noble traits.

His late brilliant exploit, the capture of Brigadier-General Stoughton, United States army, two captains, thirty other prisoners, together with their arms, equipment, and fifty-eight horses, justifies this recognition in regular orders.

This feat, unparalleled in the war, was performed in the midst of the enemy's troops, at Fairfax Court-House, without loss or injury.

The gallant band of Captain Mosby share the glory, as they did the danger, of this enterprise, and are worthy of such a leader.

J. E. B. Stuart, Major-General Commanding.

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