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Doc. 7. operations of the cavalry.


Colonel Murray's Report.

headquarters First brigade, Third cavalry division, military division of the Mississippi, near Savannah, Georgia, December 25, 1864.
Captain: I have the honor to report that the First brigade, Third cavalry division, military division of the Mississippi, composed of the Ninth Pennsylvania, Fifth Kentucky, Eighth Indiana, Third and Second Kentucky cavalry, left Marietta at eight o'clock A. M., November fourteenth, to follow our indomitable leaders through the Confederacy to the ocean. Camped four miles southwest of Atlanta.

November 15.--Moved at nine o'clock A. M. Attacked and drove the enemy from Jonesboro, capturing three caissons filled with ammunition. This was accomplished by the Eighth Indiana and Fifth Kentucky cavalry.

16th. Marched at half-past 8 o'clock A. M. Struck the enemy two miles from Lovejoy's Station, in force, behind intrenchments, with artillery. The Eighth Indiana and Third Kentucky, dismounted, moved upon the works, which were taken possession of by the Eighth Indiana. The Third Kentucky, mounting, made a most brilliant and successful sabre-charge, resulting in a total demoralization of the enemy and the capture of two pieces of artillery. The engagement also furnished us with forty-two prisoners. The Second Kentucky, Captain Foreman, coming up after the charge, pushed on, but only to find the enemy straggling.

17th. Marched at eight o'clock, encamped four miles south-west of Jackson.

18th. Marched at eight A. M.; camped near Cork. The Fifth Kentucky, crossing the Ocmulgee River, succeeded in capturing one hundred and twenty-five horses and mules.

19th. Marched at midnight; crossed the Ocmulgee on pontoons at Planter's Factory. The Second Kentucky was left to protect the division supply-train. Camped fourteen miles from Clinton. The Ninth Pennsylvania, Colonel Jordan, making a detour to the right, obtained valuable information in regard to the movements of the enemy about Macon.

20th. Marched to Clinton, participating in the demonstration that day made by our command on Macon; Captain Handcock, of the Ninth Pennsylvania, with one hundred men, making a [148]

Report of movement of train of Twentieth army corps, left wing, Army Georgia, on the march from Atlanta to Savannah, commencing November Fifteenth, 1864, and ending December twenty-First, 1864.

date. 1864.Left Camp.Arrived in Camp.Miles.Hndths.Place of Arrival.Weather.Condition of Roads.remarks.
Tuesday, Nov. 159 00 A. M.5 00 P. M.16 Stone MountainFineGood, hillyLeft Atlanta; public buildings destroyed, part of city on fire, halted an hour for dinner at Decatur.
Wednesday, Nov. 169 30 A. M.4 30 P. M.8 McGuire's FarmFineGood, hillyCommencing to find subsistence for men and forage for animals.
Thursday, Nov. 177 30 A. M.6 30 P. M.16 UnknownFineGood, hillyCommenced killing worthless animals; bad place two miles back from camp, over which First division could not pass to-night.
Friday, Nov. 187 30 A. M.7 30 P. M.15 Jones's FarmFine in day, rained at nightGood, hillyPassed through Social Circle and Rutledge, destroying railroad depots, tanks, wood, and track thoroughly.
Saturday, Nov. 197 00 A. M.1 00 P. M.7 Beyond MadisonRainingA little muddyOne brigade, Second division sent to burn railroad bridge across Oconee, two brigades, Third division, detailed to tear up road.
Sunday, Nov. 208 00 A. M.4 30 P. M.12 Toward EatontonCloudy, rained at 5 o'clockMuddyMen and animals now faring luxuriously.
Monday, Nov. 217 00 A. M.12 M.13 5 miles beyond EatontonVery hard rainVery muddy and wornFrost at night. Captured Commander of Post, Colonel White, and Captain and Assistant Quartermaster and Captain, Commissary of Subsistence.
Tuesday, Nov. 227 30 A. M.5 00 P. M.15 MilledgevilleClear and very coldGoodCrossed Little River on pontoons; arrived at Milledgeville at twelve o'clock, and camped east side of Oconee River in woods.
Wednesday, Nov. 23    In camp all dayClear and very cold Shoeing up and repairing. Burnt penitentiary, arsenal, destroyed arms, munitions of war, and railroad property.
Thursday, Nov. 248 00 A. M.4 00 P. M.13 In the woodsFine and warmerGood levelBuilt bridge over Buffalo Creek.
Friday, Nov. 258 00 A. M.4 30 P. M.8 Buffalo CreekWarm, fine weatherGood countrySkirmish with the enemy in evening; passed Hebron. General Sherman joined us.
Saturday, Nov. 267 00 A. M.10 A. M. by odom.8 SandersvilleWarm, fine weatherGood countrySkirmish with enemy on entering town; we laid by here all afternoon; Fourteenth corps passing through.
Sunday, Nov. 279 00 A. M.6 30 P. M.1527DavisboroWarm, fine weatherGood countryBurnt court-house and jail at Sandersville before we marched, and cut down the liberty-pole.
Monday, Nov. 287 30 A. M.12 M.923Ogeechee RiverWarm, fine weatherGood country swamp badFirst and Second divisions sent down railroad to destroy it; found bridge burnt by rebels; laid by till it was built.
Tuesday, Nov. 2912 M.5 00 P. M.613Beyond LouisvilleWarm, fineGood countryCrossed on pontoons; Fourteenth corps train and cavalry division train passing ahead; passed through Louisville.
Wednesday, Nov. 30    In camp all dayWarm First and Second divisions rejoin us. Repairing.
Thursday, Dec. 19 00 A. M.5 15 P. M.1317Near BirdvilleWarmSwampyMichigan Engineers build bridges across the creek; forty-six men and one lieutenant One Hundred and Seventh New-York gobbled while out foraging.
Friday, Dec. 27 30 A. M.4 15 P. M.1089Buckhead ChurchCloudyGoodPassed a magnificent plantation belonging to Doctor Jones, called Birdville.
Saturday, Dec. 38 00 A. M.5 15 P. M.1552Beyond MillenCloudyGoodPassed the Millen prison on our left.
Sunday, Dec. 47 00 A. M.5 00 P. M.1473Pine WoodsFineSwampySome of our men destroyed a mill on our left half a mile, burning the sluicegate, letting the water flood the road, delaying corps supply train and First division twelve hours.
Monday, Dec. 54 00 P. M.6 00 P. M.281Near Little OgeecheeFineSwampyTrain of cavalry division, two hundred and eleven wagons, ordered to move with corps train.
Tuesday, Dec. 66 00 A. M.4 30 P. M.1626Cowper CreekFine, rained during nightSwampySwamps very bad; road barricaded by felled trees.
Wednesday, Dec. 78 30 A. M.4 00 P. M.968Near SpringfieldRained hard till noonSwampyCrossed Turkey Creek; Provost-Marshal ordered to take all captured horses to mount the cavalry.
Thursday, Dec. 89 00 A. M.12 M. 93SpringfieldFineVery badCrossed Jack's Creek; troops, except Third division, ahead six miles; stopped at Springfield for dinner.

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