Their comrades watched them breathlessly until they disappeared in the cloud of smoke.
Only a few disorganized stragglers were finally swept back.
The deadly canister had broken the spirit of that great Army of Northern Virginia.
In the West
, the value of the artillery was no less than in the East
It will be impossible to notice the minor affairs in which field-batteries took an active and a decisive part.
particularly was this the case.
, before his untimely death, used this effective weapon to its full capacity, as did Pope
, and the other Union leaders who participated in shaping up the campaign against the Confederacy
Early in 1861 the Confederates
took possession of a line from Columbus
to Bowling Green
. Forts Henry
were in the center, and formed the keystone of the arch.
saw their value, and directed himself to their capture.
He obtained permission from Halleck
to reconnoiter up the Tennessee
and Cumberland rivers
, and sent General C. F. Smith
with two brigades from Paducah
On the strength of Smith
's report, Grant
made strong representation to Halleck
, his immediate superior, that the move was advisable.
After some delay, the orders were issued, and Grant
moved up the Tennessee
with seventeen thousand men. The immediate assault on Fort Henry
was threatened by General McClernand
, with two brigades, each having two batteries.
The work was a solidly constructed bastion Fort with twelve guns on the river face, and five bearing inland.
It was evacuated without attack from the land forces, as the gunboat bombardment was sufficient to drive out the defenders, but not without considerable damage to the fleet.
, on the Cumberland
, was the next objective.
On the 8th of February, 1862, Grant
telegraphed to Halleck
that he proposed to take Fort Donelson
with infantry and cavalry alone, but he moved out from Fort Henry
with fifteen thousand men and eight field-batteries.
Some of the guns were