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Strength of Ewell's division in the campaign of 1862--field returns.

Lynchburg, May 3, 1880.
Dr. John William Jones, Secretary Southern Historical Society:
Sir — I have recently obtained from one of my staff officers, who had charge of them, a large number of the official papers of Ewell's division, subsequently commanded by. me, and among them I find the official returns of the strength of the division at and before the important campaigns and battles of 1862, in which it participated, and as it happens that these returns are not among those in the Confederate archives at Washington, to which Colonel Taylor had access, and from which he has given abstracts in his Four year's with General Lee, I send you herewith abstracts from the returns of the division, which will show its strength in the Valley campaign of 1862, at the Seven Days Battles around Richmond, and in the campaign of August, 1862, against Pope. The returns of Lawton's brigade, when it joined Ewell's division, will give the means of estimating the strength of that brigade in the Seven Days Battles, about which some persons appear to be under a great misapprehension.

I send also the official report of General Trimble of the operations of his brigade about Manassas, in August, 1862, which happens not to be published among the reports of the operations of the Army of Northern Virginia for 1862, owing to the fact that the report was written and received after my report of the operations of the division had been sent in. It is an interesting report, and constitutes a valuable contribution to the history of the campaign to which it has reference.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

The monthly returns for Ewell's division for the month of April, 1862, made out on the 1st of May, 1862, when the brigades were stationed at Conrad's store and Swift Run gap, in the Valley, show the following officers and men present for duty: [302]

in Elzey's brigade.
Infantry — General and staff officers 3
 Regimental and company officers 58
 Surgeons and assistant surgeons4 
 Enlisted men 1,033
Artillery — Officers 3
 Enlisted men 84
Total 87
in Trimble's brigade.
Infantry — General and staff officers 4
 Regimental and company officers 153
 Surgeons and assistant surgeons6 
 Enlisted men 2,140
Artillery — Officers 5
 Enlisted men 80
in Taylor's brigade.
Infantry — Brigade staff (General Taylor and aids absent on leave) 1
 Regimental and company officers 124
 Surgeons and assistant surgeons7 
 Enlisted men 2,819
Artillery — Officers 5
 Enlisted men 73
Total 78

Attached to Ewell's command were the Second and Sixth Virginia cavalry, whose strength present for duty was as follows: [303]

Second and Sixth Virginia cavalry.
Regimental and company officers 54
Surgeons and assistant surgeons4 
Enlisted men 841
consolidated strength of division for duty.
Major-General and staff officers 4
Infantry — General and staff officers 8
 Surgeons and assistant surgeons17 
 Regimental and company officers 335
 Enlisted men 5,992
Artillery — Surgeon1 
 Officers 13
 Enlisted men 237
Total strength of Division386,589

Cavalry temporarily attached:

Second and Sixth Virginia cavalry.
Surgeons and assistant surgeons4 
Regimental and company officers 54
Enlisted men 841
Entire force carried into the Valley to the assistance of Jackson, including general and staff officers of all kinds 7,529

Subsequent returns of Elzey's and Trimble's brigades, of the 10th of May, 1862, about ten days before Ewell's junction with Jackson, show that there was a slight diminution in the effective strength of each of these brigades. There is no return of Taylor's brigade of that date, but the return for May, made on the 1st of June, show a diminution of more than 400 in the effective strength [304] of that brigade. When the division went to the Valley, Elzey's brigade was composed of the Thirteenth Virginia regiment, the First Maryland regiment, and a battery of artillery.

On the 14th of June, 1862, just four days after the battle of Port Republic, the returns then made show the following number of officers and men present for duty in the infantry:

In Elzey's brigade:
Enlisted men1,049
In Trimble's brigade:
Enlisted men1,049
In Taylor's brigade:
Enlisted men1,793

These are the last returns before the movement to join General Lee in the attack on McClellan. The First Maryland regiment had then been detached from Elzey's brigade, and the Twelfth Georgia, Twenty-fifth and Thirty-first Virginia regiments, had been transferred to it. The Forty-fourth, Fifty-second and Fifty-eighth Virginia regiments, all small regiments at that time, were subsequently transferred to the brigade, and constituted a part of it in the battles around Richmond. The artillery attached to tie brigades was absent at Mechum's River depot, to replenish ammunition and get new horses.

The returns for the division, made the 10th and 12th of July, 1862, the first full returns after the Seven Days Battles, show present for duty, in the infantry:

In Elzey's, then Early's brigade (10th July):
Enlisted men1,444
In Trimble's brigade (12th July):
Enlisted men1,528
In Taylor's brigade (12th July):
Enlisted men1,291


Elzey's (then Early's) brigade, then consisted of the Twelfth Georgia, and Thirteenth, Twenty-fifth, Thirty-first, Forty-fourth, Fifty-second and Fifty-eighth Virginia regiments, as it had done during the battles.

There was no return for Wheat's battalion, of Taylor's brigade, of that date, but the return for July 20th showed present for duty one officer and one hundred and eleven enlisted men.

The returns for the morning of the 9th of August, 1862, the day of the battle of Cedar Run, show in the division, present for duty:

Infantry — Officers333
 Enlisted men4,368
Artillery — Officers10
 Enlisted men226

The changes in the organization of the division since the Seven Days Battles had been the transfer of the Sixteenth Mississippi regiment from Trimble's brigade, the transfer of the Fifth and Fourteenth Louisiana regiments to Taylor's brigade, and the transfer of the Ninth Louisiana from it.

Before the 26th of August, 1862, Lawton's brigade was added to the division, Wheat's battalion of Taylor's brigade was disbanded, and the Forty-ninth Virginia regiment joined Early's brigade, and the returns for that day show in the division, present for duty:

Infantry — Officers467
 Enlisted men6,646
Artillery — Officers13
 Enlisted men276

Lawton's brigade was transferred to the division about the 13th of August, and a return of it for that day shows in its six infantry regiments, present for duty:

Enlisted men1,922

And an aggregate present, including extra duty men, sick, &c., of 2,520. Its losses in the Seven Days Battles amounted to 567.

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Walter H. Taylor (9)
Elzey (7)
I. R. Trimble (6)
B. S. Ewell (6)
J. A. Early (4)
Lawton (3)
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Robert E. Lee (2)
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