Philanthropist; born in Dunfermline, Scotland
, Nov. 25, 1837; was brought to the United States
by his parents, who settled in Pittsburg
In the early part of his business career he was associated with Mr. Woodruff
, the inventor of the sleeping-car, in introducing it on railroads.
Afterwards he became superintendent of the Pittsburg
division of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company; invested largely in oil-wells which yielded him a considerable fortune; and then engaged in the manufacture of steel, iron, and coke.
He is widely known as a founder and contributor to public libraries, and a promoter of other educational institutions.
Among his most notable gifts are the Carnegie Library
and Institute, with art gallery, museum, and music hall, in Pittsburg
, erected at a cost of over $1,000,000, and endowed with several millions and implied promise for still more; the public library in Washingto, D. C., $350,000; and Cooper Union, New York, $300,000. In 1899-1900 his gifts aggregated about $7,000,000. In March, 1901, he offered $5,200,000 for libraries in New York City, and $1,000,000 for the same purpose in St. Louis
In May, 1901, he gave $10,000,000 to the Scotch universities
for educational purposes.
He has published Triumphant Democracy
; An American four-in-hand in Britain
; Round the world
, etc. See iron and steel.