; born in Huttendorf, Bavaria
, June 29, 1721; entered the French
military service in 1743, and in 1747 rose to the rank of brigadier-general under Marshal Broglie
, and obtained the order of military merit in 1761.
The next year he visited the English-American
colonies as a secret agent of the French
government, to ascertain their political temper.
He was a brigadier-general in the French
army when (November, 1776) he was engaged by Franklin
to serve in the Continental
He accompanied Lafayette
in 1777, and was appointed major-general, Sept. 15, 1777, by the Continental Congress.
He served under the immediate command of Washington
until after the evacuation of Philadelphia
, June, 1778; then in New Jersey
until April, 1780, when he was sent to assist Lincoln
, besieged in Charleston
He arrived too late.
became chief commander in the South
after the fall of Charleston
, but was soon succeeded by General Gates
, when he became that officer's second in command.
In the disastrous battle at Sander's Creek
, near Camden, S. C.
, he was mortally wounded, and died three days afterwards, Aug. 19, 1780.
His body was pierced with eleven wounds.
It was buried at Camden
A marble monument was erected to his memory in front of the Presbyterian Church at Camden
, the corner-stone of which was laid by Lafayette