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Kalb, Johann, Baron de 1721-

Military officer; born in Huttendorf, Bavaria, June 29, 1721; entered the French military service in 1743, and in 1747 rose to the rank of brigadier-general under Marshal Broglie, and obtained the order of military merit in 1761. The next year he visited the English-American colonies as a secret agent of the French government, to ascertain their political temper. He was a brigadier-general in the French army when (November, 1776) he was engaged by Franklin and Deane to serve in the Continental army. He accompanied Lafayette to America in 1777, and was appointed major-general, Sept. 15, 1777, by the Continental Congress. He served under the immediate command of Washington until after the evacuation of Philadelphia, June, 1778; then in New Jersey and Maryland until April, 1780, when he was sent to assist Lincoln, besieged in Charleston. He arrived too late. De Kalb became chief commander in the South after the fall of

Baron De Kalb.

Charleston, but was soon succeeded by General Gates, when he became that officer's second in command. In the disastrous battle at Sander's Creek, near Camden, S. C., he was mortally wounded, and died three days afterwards, Aug. 19, 1780.

De Kalb's monument.

His body was pierced with eleven wounds. It was buried at Camden. A marble monument was erected to his memory in front of the Presbyterian Church at Camden, the corner-stone of which was laid by Lafayette in 1825.

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