; born in New York City, June 2, 1815; studied law, but, preferring the military profession, entered the army at twenty-two years of age as lieutenant of dragoons.
Soon afterwards the government sent him to Europe
to study and report upon French cavalry tactics.
While there he fought in the French
army in Africa
as a volunteer, and returned in 1840 with the cross of the Legion of Honor.
Aide to General Scott
(1841-44), he was made captain in the United States army, and served on the staff of Scott
in the war with Mexico
, receiving great applause.
Near the city of Mexico
he lost his left arm in battle.
After serving a campaign on the Pacific coast
against the Indians, he went to Europe
, and served on the staff of the French General Maurier
in the Italian War
(1859). He received from the French
government a second decoration of the Legion of Honor.
He hastened home when the Civil War
broke out; was made brigadiergeneral of volunteers just after the battle of Bull Run
, and commanded a brigade of New Jersey
troops in Franklin
's division, Army of the Potomac.
comhanded a division in Heintzelman
's corps; behaved gallantly during the Peninsula
campaign; was made major-general of volunteers in July, 1862; was the first to reinforce Pope
; and was engaged in the battles between the Rappahannock
, front Aug. 25 till his death, near Chantilly, Va.
, Sept. 1, 1862.
He had placed his division in preparation for battle, and after dark was reconnoitring within the enemy's lines when he was discovered and shot dead.
, Stephen Watts