Military movements at the North
, in 1780, exhibited
scarcely any offensive operations, yet there were some stirring events occurring occasionally.
There was a British invasion of New Jersey
On June 6 (before the arrival of General Clinton
), General Knyphausen
Plan of the battle of Springfield.|
from Staten Island
, with about 5,000 men, to penetrate New Jersey
They took possession of Elizabethtown
(June 7), and burned Connecticut Farms (then a hamlet, and afterwards the village of Union), on the road from Elizabethtown
When the invaders arrived at the latter place, they met detachments which had come down from Washington
's camp at Morristown
, and by them were driven back to the coast, where they remained a fortnight, until the arrival of Clinton
from the South
, who, with additional troops, joined Matthews
(June 22). The British
then attempted to draw Washington
into a general battle or to capture his stores at Morristown
Feigning an expedition to the Hudson Highlands
, who, with a considerable force, marched in that direction, leaving General Greene
in command at Springfield
Perceiving the success of his stratagem, Sir Henry, with Knyphausen
, marched upon Greene
with about 5,000 infantry, a considerable body of cavalry, and about twenty pieces of artillery.
After a severe engagement (June 23, 1780), during which the British
forced the bridge over the Rahway
, the invaders were defeated and driven back.
When they began their retreat, they set fire to the village.
They did not halt until they reached the waters between the main and Staten Island
, to which spot they all retired.
lost, it was estimated, in killed and wounded, during the entire invasion, about 300 men; the loss of the Americans
was less than 100.
were 6,000 strong; the Americans
only 1,500; but the latter were strongly posted on heights.