Journalist; born in Dowington, Pa., Nov. 20, 1841; received a public school education; became a copy-holder on the Philadelphia Press
in 1857; was promoted to reporter, news-editor, Washington
correspondent, and, at the outbreak of the Civil War
, war correspondent with the Army of the Potomac; and served as such from the battle of Bull Run
till the end of the Chickahominy
campaign, when illness compelled him to return to Philadelphia
After his recovery he was managing editor of the Press
; again went to the war in 1864, and served under General Banks
in the Red River campaign
; then returned to Philadelphia
and resumed editorial charge of the Press
He joined the editorial staff of the New York Tribune
in 1865, and was its managing editor in 1866-69, during which time he established the Morning post
, and the Standard
in New York; was correspondent for the New York Herald
in 1871-77, when he accompanied ex-President Grant
on his journey round the world.
He resumed editorial work on the Herald
in 1879-82, and was then appointed minister to China
, which office he resigned in 1885; and was appointed librarian of Congress in 1897.
He was author of Around the world with General Grant
; editor of Memoral history of the City of Philadelphia, from its first settlement to the year 1895
; and Narrative and critical history, 1681-1895.
He died in Washington, D. C.
, Jan. 17, 1899.