British military officer; born in Dunbog, Scotland
He was a son of an auctioneer and bookseller in Edinburgh
; entered the British
army as an ensign in 1761; commanded a company in 1770; was wounded at the battle of Bunker Hill
in June, 1775.
and again in the battle of Long Island
He was sent home with despatches after the capture of New York in 1776, and was brevetted major in November following.
Served under Lord Cornwallis in Pennsylvania
and the Carolinas; and was in command at Charleston
in 1781, when he reluctantly obeyed the command of Lord Rawdon to execute Isaac Hayne
(q. v.). He was then lieutenant-colonel.
He was made colonel and aide-de-camp to his king in 1782.
a major-general in 1793. lieutenant-general
in 1798, and general in 1803.
He died in Dunbog, Oct. 10, 1823.