Statesman; born in Philadelphia
, July 28, 1767; of Huguenot
descent; was graduated at Princeton
in 1784; studied law under Gen. Joseph Reed
; was admitted to the bar in 1787, and, settling in Delaware
, soon acquired a high reputation as a lawyer.
was a member of Congress from 1797 to 1803, and a conspicuous leader of the Federal party.
In 1804 he was elected to the United States Senate, in which he distinguished himself in conducting the impeachment of Senator Blount
He was chiefly instrumental in securing the election of Jefferson
in 1800; and made, in the House of Representatives, in 1802, a powerful defence of the existing judiciary system, which was soon overthrown.
He was in the Senate when war was declared against Great Britain
In May, 1813, he left the United States
on a mission to St. Petersburg
, to treat for peace with Great
Britain under Russian
The mission was fruitless.
In January, 1814, he went to Holland
, and thence to England
, during that year, he, with J. Q. Adams
, and Russell
, negotiated a treaty of peace with England
He was preparing to go to England
as a commissioner under the treaty, when an alarming illness seized him, and He returned home early in 1815.
He died soon after his arrival, Aug. 6.