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Bouquet, Henry, 1719-1766

Military officer: born in Rolle, Switzerland, in 1719. In 1748 he was lieutenant-colonel of the Swiss Guard in the service of Holland; and he entered the English service with the same rank in 1756. In 1762 he was made colonel, and in 1765 brigadier-general. Bouquet was active in western Pennsylvania in connection with operations against Fort Duquesne; also in relieving Fort Pitt in 1763. During Pontiac's war Fort Pitt (now Pittsburg, Pa.) was in imminent danger, and Colonel Bouquet was sent to its relief. He arrived at Fort Bedford, in western Pennsylvania, on July 25, 1763, in the neighborhood of which eighteen persons had been made prisoners or scalped by the Indians. The barbarians were then besieging Fort Pitt. As soon as they heard of the approach of Bouquet, they raised the siege with the intention of meeting and attacking him. Uncertain of their strength and motives, Bouquet left Fort Bedford and went to Fort Ligonier, where he left his wagons and stores, and pushed on towards Fort Pitt. with the troops in light marching order, and 340 pack-horses carrying flour. On Aug. 5 his advanced guard was attacked near Bushy Run by Indians in ambuscade, who were driven some distance by the troops. The barbarians returned to the attack, and a general action ensued, the Indians being continually repulsed and then returning to the fight. They were finally driven from their posts with fixed bayonets and dispersed. They rallied, and the next morning surrounded Bouquet's camp. After a severe conflict, they were again dispersed. In these engagements the English lost fifty killed and sixty wounded. Colonel Bouquet reached Fort Pitt four days afterwards, and the campaign was closed. In 1764 he subdued the Ohio Indians, and compelled the Shawnees and Delawares to make peace. D)r. William Smith. of Philadelphia, wrote a history of this expedition, and published it in 1765, with plates and a map. Bouquet died in Pensacola, Fla., in February, 1766.

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