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Bowyer, Fort, attack it upon.

At the entrance to Mobile Bay, 30 miles from the village of Mobile, was Fort Bowyer (afterwards Fort Morgan), occupying the extremity of a narrow cape on the eastern side of the entrance, and commanding the channel between it and Fort Dauphin opposite. It was a small work, in semicircular form towards the channel, without bomb-proofs, and mounting only twenty guns, nearly all of them 12-pounders. It was the chief defence of Mobile; and in it Jackson, on his return from Pensacola, placed Maj. William Lawrence and 130 men. On Sept. 12, 1814, a British squadron appeared off Mobile Point with land troops, and very soon Lieutenant-Colonel Nichols appeared in rear of the fort with a few marines and 600 Indians. The squadron consisted of the Hermes, twenty-two guns; Sophia, eighteen; Caron, twenty; and Anaconda, eighteen--the whole under Captain Percy, the commander of a squadron of nine vessels which Jackson drove from Pensacola Bay. By a skilful use of his cannon, Lawrence dispersed parties who tried to cast up intrenchments and sound the channel. Early in the afternoon of the 15th the British began an attack on land and water. The garrison adopted as the signal for the day “Don't give up the fort.” A fierce and general battle ensued, and continued until half-past 5 o'clock, when the flag of the Hermes was shot away. Lawrence ceased firing to ascertain whether she had surrendered. This humane act was answered by a broadside from another vessel. A raking fire soon the disabled the Hermes. At length the flagstaff of the fort was shot away, when the ships redoubled their tire. Supposing the fort had surrendered, the British leader on land assailed it with his Indians. He was soon undeceived. They were driven back by a terrible storm of grape-shot, and fled in terror. The battered ships withdrew, all but the Hermes. She was set on fire by her friends, and at midnight her magazine exploded. The British, who had brought to bear upon Fort Bowyer ninety-two pieces of artillery, and arrayed over 1,300 men against a garrison of 130, were repulsed with a loss of 232 men, of whom 162 were killed. The loss of the Americans was four men killed and four wounded. See Mobile, Ala.; forts Morgan and Gaines.

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William Lawrence (3)
Stonewall Jackson (2)
Cherokee Indians (2)
George Percy (1)
Henry E. Nichols (1)
Bowyer (1)
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September 12th, 1814 AD (1)
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