; born in Bucks county, Pa.
, May 9, 1775, of Quaker
He taught school at Crosswicks
, for three years, and passed two
years in surveying lands in Ohio
In 1798 he opened a select school in the city of New York
, and studied law. Some of his newspaper essays attracted the notice of Gen. Alexander Hamilton
, to whom he became secretary while that officer was acting general-in-chief of the army raised to fight the French
On leaving that service he went to northern New York, purchased lands on the banks of the Black River
, not many miles from Sackett's Harbor
, and founded the flourishing settlement of Brownsville
, where he erected the first building within 30 miles of Lake Ontario
There he became county judge; colonel of the militia in 1809; brigadier-general
in 1810; and, in 1812, received the appointment of commander of the frontier from Oswego
to Lake St. Francis
, a line 200 miles in extent.
He performed excellent service on that frontier and that of the Niagara
during the War
of 1812-15, receiving two severe wounds in battle.
For his services he received the thanks of Congress and a gold medal.
At the close of the war, General Brown
was retained in command of the northern division of the army, and was made general-in-chief of the army of the United States, March 10, 1821.
He died in Washington, D. C.
, Feb. 24, 1828. General Brown
's remains were interred in the congressional burying-ground, and over them is a truncated column of white marble upon an inscribed pedestal.
See freedom of A City.