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A town on the Bay of Guantanamo, in the district of the same name, and the province of Santiago, Cuba; about 35 miles east of the entrance of the harbor of Santiago. At the beginning of the war with Spain in 1898, the town and vicinity were the scene of important military and naval operations. On June 10 the bay was seized for a base of supplies by Captain McCalla, with the Marblehead, Yankee, and St. Louis, and the last vessel, supported by the others, cut the cable at Caimanera, which was connected with Santiago. The town was garrisoned by 3,000 Spanish soldiers, and protected by several gunboats and a fort. When the American vessels opened fire at 800 yards, forcing the Spaniards to withdraw from the block-house and the town, the Alfonso Pinzon appeared at the entrance of the bay, and at a range of 4,000 yards fired on the American vessels. The latter soon found the range; but the Spanish vessel refused to withdraw until the Marblehead gave chase, when she retired behind the fort, still keeping up her firing. On June

11, a battalion of 600 marines, the first United States troops to set foot upon Cuban soil, were landed under Lieutenant-Colonel Huntington from the troop-ship Panther and the men-of-war. They established themselves at the entrance of the bay, little expecting that the Spanish soldiers, who had been driven in panic to the mountains, would return during the night. Consequently, when their pickets were fired upon there was considerable surprise. On the night of June 12, the Spaniards appeared in greater numbers, [21] and charging up to the camp killed Surgeon John B. Gibbs and two marines. The attack lasted until morning, when the assailants were forced to retire under the fire of the American field-guns. During the night of June 13, the Spaniards again attacked the camp, and kept up such a continuous fire that the Americans had no rest. The next night, however, the same plan did not work, as a force of Cubans under Colonel La Borda, who had hastened to the camp, were sent out on skirmish duty. On the following day a company of marines with the Cubans advanced against the Spanish camp, and by a well-directed attack drove them away. In this action the American losses were six killed and three wounded, while more than forty of the Spanish were killed. See Guantanamo Bay.

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