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Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg 1819-

Military officer; born in Kentucky in 1819; graduated at West Point in 1839; served in the Seminole War (q. v.) and the war with Mexico. He was twice brevetted for eminent services in the latter

Edward R. S. Canby

war. He was promoted to major in 1855, and colonel in 1861. In 1861 he was in command in New Mexico until late in 1862, and in March of that year was made brigadier-general of volunteers. He was promoted to major-general of volunteers in May, 1864, and took command of the Department of West Mississippi. He captured Mobile, April 12, 1865, and afterwards received the surrender of the Confederate armies of Generals Taylor and E. Kirby Smith. On July 28, 1866, he was commissioned a brigadier-general in the regular army, and in 1869 took command of the Department of the Columbia, on the Pacific coast. He devoted himself to the settlement of difficulties with the Modoc Indians (q. v.), and, while so doing, was treacherously murdered by Captain Jack, their leader, in northern California, April 11, 1873.

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