Explorer; born in Chicago, Ill.
, Sept. 30, 1849; graduated at the United States
Naval Academy in 1870; served on the Vandalia
during Gen. U. S. Grant
's visit to Egypt
and the Levant
; and was promoted lieutenant in 1879.
He joined the Arctic
as second in command in 1878.
The vessel sailed from San Francisco
on July 8, 1879, through Bering Straits into the Arctic Ocean
it was held in the ice-pack for twenty-two months. From the place where the steamer was caught the crew travelled south for ninety-five days over the ice, drawing three boats with them.
They then embarked, but were separated by a storm.
's boat reached the Lena
delta, where the Tunguses saved the crew, Sept. 17, 1881.
After making an unsuccessful search for the other boats he left engineer George W. Melville
(q. v.) to continue the search for Lieut. George W. De long
(q. v.), and with his crew made a journey of 6,000 miles to Orenburg.
He arrived in the United States
in June, 1882.
He published The narrative of the Jeannette
He died in Annapolis, Md.
, April 20, 1887.