Diplomatist; born in Pike county, Ind.
, March 2, 1836; graduated at the Indiana State University in 1855; studied at Harvard Law School, and was admitted to the bar in Evansville, Ind.
During the Civil War
he served in the Union
army, reaching the rank of colonel of volunteers.
After the war he was in turn editor of the Evansville Daily journal
and postmaster of that city in 1869-73.
He was minister to Mexico
in 1873-80, and to Russia
On his return to the United States
he engaged in the practice of international law in Washington
, representing foreign legations before arbitration boards, commissions, etc. In 1883-85 he was minister to Spain
; and in 1891 was a special commissioner to negotiate reciprocity treaties with Spain
, and the West Indies
He was appointed United States Secretary of State
in 1892 and served till 1893, when he became the agent for the United States
before the Bering Sea
arbitration tribunal at Paris
In 1895, on the invitation of the Emperor
, he participated in the peace negotiations with Japan
; in 1897 he was a special United States
commissioner to Great Britain
, and in 1898 was a member of the Anglo-American commission
(q. v.). He is the author of A century of American diplomacy
, a brief review of the foreign relations of the United States
from 1776 to 1876.
See Bering sea arbitration