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Roman Catholic priest. The bishop of Quebec in 1770 sent him to the territory now included in Illinois and Louisiana. He lived a portion of the time in Vincennes, Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and St. Genevieve. During the Revolutionary War, through his influence, the settlers in this territory, who were mostly French, became ardent advocates of the American cause,  and he also induced the Indians to remain neutral. Judge Law says: “Next to Clark and Vigo, the United States are indebted more to Father Gibault for the accession of the States comprised in what was the original Northwest Territory than to any other man.”
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