Naval officer; born in Plymouth, England
, in 1520; carried a cargo of 300 slaves from Guinea
in 1562, and sold them in Cuba
In 1564 he attempted to capture and enslave a whole town near Sierra Leone
, and narrowly escaped being captured himself and sold into slavery.
was filled with the most pious reflections at his escape, and in his narrative (which is the first English narrative of American adventure printed) he says: “God, who worketh all things for the best, would not have it so, and by Him we escaped without danger.
His name be praised for it.”
His second cargo of slaves he sold in Venezuela
In this second voyage he coasted the peninsula of Florida
, and gives a fairly detailed account of it in his narrative.
He made a third
voyage in 1568, and in spite of the King
's prohibition, sold his cargoes of slaves to advantage.
In the port of San Juan de Ulloa
he met a Spanish fleet much stronger than his own. He made a solemn compact of mutual forbearance
Defeat of Hawkins at San Juan De Ulloa.|
with the Spanish
commander, which he treacherously broke, and in the ensuing conflict Hawkins
was utterly defeated.
Sir Francis Drake
was with him on this third voyage.
Returning to England
was made a vice-admiral in the fleet which fought the Armada
in 1595. Sir John Hawkins
and Sir Francis Drake
were sent on an expedition against the Spanish
settlements in America
in 1589. Porto Rico
successfully defied him, and, much depressed at his reverses, he died at sea, Nov. 21, 1595.