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Hay, John 1838-

Statesman; born in Salem, Ind., Oct. 8, 1838; studied in an academy in Springfield, Ill., and graduated at Brown University in 1858; studied law and was admitted to the Illinois bar. He was a friend of Abraham Lincoln, whom he accompanied to Washington at the, time of his inauguration, and served as his assistant private secretary, till 1863, when he joined General Hunter in South Carolina as aide-decamp. In the same year he was appointed assistant adjutant-general, and assigned to the staff of Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore (q. v.), and was subsequently ordered to duty at the White House, where he remained until President Lincoln's assassination. Later he was brevetted colonel of volunteers. In 1865-67 he was secretary of legation in Paris; in 1867-68 at Vienna; and then till 1870 at Madrid. During 1870-75 he was an editorial writer on the New York Tribune; then removed to Cleveland. He was active in the Republican Presidential campaigns [331] of 1876, 1880, and 1884; was first assistant Secretary of State in 1879-81; in the latter year was president of the international sanitary congress in Washington; in 1897-98 was ambassador to Great Britain; and in September of the latter year was appointed Secretary of State to succeed Judge William R. Day (q. v.). His publications include Castilian days; Pike county ballads; and Abraham Lincoln: a history (with John G. Nicolay).

John Hay

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