After the evacuation of Corinth
(q. v.), General Rosecrans
was placed in command of the forces under Pope
, who had gone to Virginia
, to occupy northern Mississippi
, in the vicinity of Corinth
, and eastward to Tuscumbia
His forces were known as the Army of the Mississippi, with headquarters at Corinth
There were no more stirring events in the region of General Grant
's command (under whom was Rosecrans
) than guerilla operations, from June until September.
At the beginning of September the Confederates
and Van Dorn
moved towards the Tennessee River
, and, when Bragg
moved into Tennessee
attempted to cut off communications between Grant
(Confederate), with over 5,000 cavalry, struck the Nationals, Aug. 30, 1862, at Bolivar
, with the intention of severing the railway there.
He was repulsed by less than 1,000 men, under Colonel Leggett
He was repulsed at Jackson
the next day, and again, on Sept. 1, at Britton's Lane, after a battle of four hours with Indiana
troops, under Colonel Dennis
At the latter place Armstrong
left 179 men, dead and wounded, on the field.
Informed of this raid, at Tuscumbia
hastened to Iuka
, a little
village celebrated for its fine mineral springs, about 15 miles east of Corinth
, where a large amount of stores had been gathered.
There, with Stanley
's division, he encamped at Clear Creek
, 7 miles east of Corinth
, and, at the same time, Price
moved northward from Tupelo
12,000 Confederate troops.
, Sept. 10, and captured the National
Grant at once put two columns in motion to crush Price
—one, under Rosecrans
, to attack his flank and rear, and another, under General Ord
, to confront him. These movements began on the morning of Sept. 18.
, with 5,000 men, advanced to Burnsville
, followed by General Ross
with more, while Rosecrans
moved with the separated divisions of Stanley
and C. S. Hamilton
, about 9,000 strong, during a drenching rain, to San Jacinto
, 20 miles southward of Iuka
On the next morning, Sept. 19, they pushed on towards Iuka
's cavalry driving a Confederate guard.
Early in the afternoon Hamilton
, listening for the sound of Ord
's guns, and skirmishing briskly by the way, had reached a point within 2 miles of Iuka
, on densely wooded heights.
There he formed a line of battle.
He sent forward his skirmishers, who were driven back, and a severe battle immediately followed.
The 11th Ohio Battery was, after a severe struggle, placed in position on the crest of the hill.
With this battery, a few regiments of Iowa
, and Indiana
troops fought more than three times their number of Confederates, led by Price
Finally, when Colonel Eddy
, of an Indiana regiment, was mortally wounded, the remainder of his regiment was hurled back in disorder, leaving the almost disabled battery to be seized by the Confederates
For the possession of these guns desperate charges and countercharges were made, until at length the Confederate
soldiers dragged the guns off the field.
All of the horses and seventy-two of the artillerymen had been killed.
The battle raged warmly elsewhere, when the
Confederates were driven to the shelter of the hollows near the village.
Darkness ended the battle of Iuka
The National loss was nearly 800, killed, wounded, and missing; that of the Confederates
was nearly 1,400.
, meanwhile, whom Grant
had sent to assist Rosecrans
, had been watching the movements of Confederates who were making feints on Corinth
Expecting to renew the battle at Iuka
in the morning, Stanley
pressed forward for the purpose, but found that Price
had fled southward under cover of the darkness, leaving behind the captured guns of the 11th Ohio Battery.
was pursued all day, but escaped.