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Jackson, James 1757-1806

Military officer; born in Devonshire, England, Sept. 21, 1757; removed to Savannah, Ga., in 1772; studied law; entered the military service; and was brigade-major of the Georgia militia in 1778. He took part in the defence of Savannah; and, when the British seized it at the close of 1778, he fled to South Carolina, where he joined General Moultrie. His appearance was so wretched while in his flight, that he was arrested, tried, and condemned as a spy, and was about to be executed, when a reputable citizen of Georgia, who knew him, saved him. Jackson fought a duel

James Jackson.

in March, 1780, with Lieutenant-Governor Wells, killing his antagonist, and being severely wounded himself. He joined Col. Elijah Clarke, and became aide to Sumter. With Pickens he shared in the victory at the Cowpens. He afterwards did good service as commander of a legionary corps, and was presented with a dwelling in Savannah by the Georgia legislature. In 1786 he was made brigadier-general, and in 1788 was elected governor of Georgia, but the latter office he declined. From 1789 to 1791 he was a member of Congress, and from 1793 to 1795, and from 1801 to 1806, United States Senator. From 1798 to 1801 he was governor of the State. He died in Washington, D. C., March 12, 1806.

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