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Le Moyne, 1656-1683

The name of a distinguished Canadian family, members of which bore conspicuous parts in early American history. They were descended from Charles of Normandy, who died in Montreal, Canada, in 1683. He went to Canada in 1641, where he became a famous Indian fighter. In 1668 Louis XIV. made him seigneur of Longueil, and subsequently of Chateaugay. He had eleven sons, of whom Bienville and Iberville (qq. v.) were the most eminent.

Charles, first Sieur de Longueil, was born in Montreal, Dec. 10, 1656; died there, June 8, 1729. He was made a lieutenant-general of regulars in the royal army of France, and, returning to Canada, built churches and a fort at Longueil. He fought the English assailants of Quebec under Phipps in 1690, and was made baron and governor of Montreal in 1700. Becoming commandant-general of Canada, he prepared to meet the expedition against Quebec under Walker in 1711. In 1720 he was governor of Three Rivers, and again of Montreal in 1724. His influence over the Indians was very great. and in 1726 the Senecas allowed him to rebuild Fort Niagara.

Paul, Sieur de Maricourt, who was born in Montreal, Dec. 15, 1663, and died there March 21. 1704, distinguished himself under his brother Iberville in Hudson Bay. He commanded an expedition against the Iroquois, made peace with them in 1701, and acquired great influence over them.

Joseph, Sieur de Serigny, was born in Montreal in July, 1668; died in Rochefort, France, in 1734. In 1694 and 1697 he commanded squadrons to assist his brother Iberville in Hudson Bay, and brought over emigrants to Louisiana in a squadron to found a colony there. In 1718-19 he surveyed the coasts there, and took part in expeditions against the Spaniards at Pensacola and in Mobile Bay. In 1720 he commanded a ship-of-the-line, and died a rear-admiral of the royal navy. He was also governor of Rochefort at the time of his death, having been appointed in 1723. [359]

Antoine, Sieur de Chateaugay, was born in Montreal, July 7, 1683; died in Rochefort, France, March 21, 1747. He belonged to the royal army, and came with colonists to Louisiana in 1704, serving under Iberville there against the English. He was made chief commandant of Louisiana in 1717, and King's lieutenant in the colony and knight of St. Louis in 1718. He was in command of Pensacola in 1719; a prisoner of war for a while afterwards to the Spaniards; governor of Martinique; and, returning to France in 1744, became governor of Ile Royale, or Cape Breton, in 1745.

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