The name of a distinguished Canadian
family, members of which bore conspicuous parts in early American history.
They were descended from Charles of Normandy
, who died in Montreal
, in 1683.
He went to Canada
in 1641, where he became a famous Indian fighter.
In 1668 Louis XIV.
made him seigneur of Longueil
, and subsequently of Chateaugay
He had eleven sons, of whom Bienville
.) were the most eminent.
Charles, first Sieur de Longueil, was born in Montreal
, Dec. 10, 1656; died there, June 8, 1729.
He was made a lieutenant-general of regulars in the royal army of France
, and, returning to Canada
, built churches and a fort at Longueil
He fought the English
assailants of Quebec
in 1690, and was made baron and governor of Montreal
Becoming commandant-general of Canada
, he prepared to meet the expedition against Quebec
In 1720 he was governor of Three Rivers
, and again of Montreal
His influence over the Indians was very great.
and in 1726 the Senecas allowed him to rebuild Fort Niagara
, Sieur de Maricourt, who was born in Montreal
, Dec. 15, 1663, and died there March 21. 1704, distinguished himself under his brother Iberville in Hudson Bay
He commanded an expedition against the Iroquois
, made peace with them in 1701, and acquired great influence over them.
Joseph, Sieur de Serigny, was born in Montreal
in July, 1668; died in Rochefort, France
, in 1734.
In 1694 and 1697 he commanded squadrons to assist his brother Iberville in Hudson Bay
, and brought over emigrants to Louisiana
in a squadron to found a colony there.
In 1718-19 he surveyed the coasts there, and took part in expeditions against the Spaniards at Pensacola
and in Mobile Bay
In 1720 he commanded a ship-of-the-line, and died a rear-admiral of the royal navy.
He was also governor of Rochefort
at the time of his death, having been appointed in 1723.
Antoine, Sieur de Chateaugay, was born in Montreal
, July 7, 1683; died in Rochefort, France
, March 21, 1747.
He belonged to the royal army, and came with colonists to Louisiana
in 1704, serving under Iberville
there against the English
He was made chief commandant of Louisiana
in 1717, and King
's lieutenant in the colony and knight of St. Louis
He was in command of Pensacola
in 1719; a prisoner of war for a while afterwards to the Spaniards; governor of Martinique
; and, returning to France
in 1744, became governor of Ile Royale, or Cape Breton, in 1745.