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Meagher, Thomas Francis 1823-

Military officer; born in Waterford, Ireland, Aug. 3, 1823; was educated in Ireland and in England. In 1846 he became one of the leaders of the Young Ireland party. He was already distinguished for his oratory, and was sent to France to congratulate the French Republic in 1848. On his return he was arrested on a charge of sedition and held to bail. Afterwards charged with treason, he was again arrested, tried, found guilty, and sentenced to death. That sentence was commuted to banishment for life to Van Diemen's Land, from which he escaped, and landed in New York in 1852. Lecturing with success for a while, he studied law, entered upon its practice, and in 1856 edited the Irish news. When the Civil War broke out he raised a company in the 69th New York Volunteers, and, as major of the regiment, fought bravely at Bull Run. Early in 1862 he was promoted brigadiergeneral of volunteers, and served in the Army of the Potomac in the campaign against Richmond that year. He was in Richardson's division in the battle of

Thomas Francis Meagher.

Antietam. Engaged in the desperate battle of Fredericksburg, he was badly wounded. Immediately after the battle of Chancellorsville (q. v.) he resigned. He was recommissioned brigadier-general of volunteers early in 1864, and was assigned to the command of the district of Etowah. In 1865 he was appointed secretary, and [151] in 1866 became acting governor of Montana. While engaged in operations against hostile Indians, he was drowned at Fort Benton, Mont., July 1, 1867.

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