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Miles, Nelson Appleton 1839-

Military officer; born in Westminster, Mass., Aug. 8, 1839; was engaged in mercantile business in Boston till the outbreak of the Civil War; entered the volunteer army as a captain in the 22d Massachusetts Infantry, Sept. 9, 1861; promoted lieutenant-colonel 61st New York Infantry, May 31, 1862, and colonel, Sept. 30 following; brigadiergeneral, May 12, 1864; major-general, Oct. 21, 1865; and was mustered out of the volunteers, Sept. 1, 1866. On July 28, 1866, he was commissioned colonel of the 40th United States Infantry; March 15, 1869, was transferred to the 5th Infantry; Dec. 15, 1880, promoted brigadier-general; April 5, 1890, major-general; June 6, 1900, lieutenant-general, under an act of Congress of that date; and Feb. 5, 1901, was appointed lieutenant-general under the law reorganizing the army. During the Civil War he distinguished himself at Fair Oaks (wounded), Malvern Hill, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (wounded), Ream's Station, and in the operations against Richmond; and after the war conducted a number of campaigns against the hostile Indians, notably against the Apaches under Geronimo and Natchez, whose surrender he forced. He represented the army at the seat of the war between Turkey and Greece, and also at the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1897. In the war against Spain in 1898 he visited Cuba and commanded the expedition to Porto Rico (q. v.).

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