Ohio Company, the
When, by treaty, the Indians had ceded the lands of the Northwestern Territory
, the thoughts of enterprising men turned in that direction as a promising field for settlements.
On the night of Jan. 9, 1786, Gen. Rufus Putnam
and Gen. Benjamin Tupper
formed a plan for a company of soldiers of the Revolution to undertake the task of settlement on the Ohio River
The next day they issued a call for such persons who felt disposed to engage in the enterprise to meet at Boston
on March 1, by delegates chosen in the several counties in Massachusetts
They met, and formed “The Ohio Company.”
It was composed of men like Rufus Putnam
, Abraham Whipple
, J. M. Varnum
, Samuel Holden Parsons
, Benjamin Tupper
, R. J. Meigs
, whom Americans
think of with gratitude.
They purchased a large tract of land on the Ohio River
; and on April 7, 1788, the first detachment of settlers sent by the company, forty-eight in number—men, women, and children—seated themselves
near the confluence of the Muskingum
and Ohio rivers
, athwart the great war-path of the fierce Northwestern tribes when they made their bloody incursions to the frontiers of Virginia
They named the settlement Marietta
, in honor of Marie Antoinette
, the ally of the Americans
This was the seed from which sprang the great State of Ohio
It was composed of the choice materials of New England
At one time —in 1789—there were no less than ten of the settlers there who had re ceived a college education.
During that year fully 20,000 settlers from the East
were on lands on the banks of the Ohio
At the beginning of 1788 there was not a white family within the bounds of that commonwealth.