; born in New York City, June 21, 1817; graduated at West Point
in 1839; served in the war against Mexico
; and when the Civil War
began was placed in command of the 1st Battery of rifled guns.
He distinguished himself in the battle of Bull Run
, where he was severely wounded, taken prisoner, and confined eight months in Richmond
, when he was exchanged.
He was made brigadier-general of volunteers; was in the second battle of Bull Run
, in which he commanded a division of the Army of Virginia, and was wounded; and in the battle of Antietam
he commanded General Hooker
's corps after that officer was wounded.
He was engaged in the campaign against Richmond
from March until July, 1864, and in
campaign from July until October, 1864.
He was brevetted brigadier-general, United States army, for gallantry at Cedar Creek
, and major-general for meritorious services through the war, and was retired because of wounds in 1867.
He died in Washington, D. C.
, Sept. 22, 1887.