Journalist; born in London
, about 1724; was engaged in bookselling in London
, and failing, came to America
in 1760, and established a book-store in Philadelphia
the same year.
In 1761 he opened one near the foot of Wall Street, New York, where his New York Gazeteer
, a weekly newspaper, was established in April, 1773.
It was soon devoted to the royal cause, and his trenchant paragraphs against the “rebels” made him detested by the Whigs
To sarcasm he added good-natured ridicule.
, a leader of the Sons of Liberty, was so irritated by him that.
with a company of light-horsemen from Connecticut
, he destroyed Rivington
's printing establishment in November, 1775, after which the latter went to England
Walnut Street front of the State-House.
(from an old print of the period.)|
Appointed king's printer in New York, he returned late in 1776 with new printing materials, and in 1777 resumed the publication of his paper under the title of Rivington's New York loyal gazette
Late in the year he changed it to Royal gazette
Shrewd and unscrupulous, after the defeat of Cornwallis (1781), he perceived the hopelessness of the royal cause and endeavored to make his peace with the Whigs
by secretly sending information to Washington
concerning public affairs in the city.
This treason was practised until the evacuation of the city by the British
When the loyalists fled and the American
army entered the city (1783), Rivington
remained unharmed, to the astonishment of those not in the secret.
He changed the title of his paper to Rivington's New York gazette and universal Advertiser
But his business declined, as he had lost the confidence of both Whigs and Tories, and he lived in comparative poverty until his death in July, 1802.