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Rochambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Count de 1725-1807

Military officer; born in Vendome, France, July 1, 1725; entered the army at the age of sixteen years, and in 1745 became aid to Louis Philippe, Duke of Orleans. He afterwards commanded a regiment, and was wounded at the battle of Lafeldt. He was distinguished in several battles, especially at Minden. When it was [450] resolved by the French monarch to send a military force to America, Rochambeau was created a lieutenant-general and

Count De Rochambeau.

placed in command of it. He arrived at Newport, R. I., in July, 1780, and joined the American army under Washington, on the Hudson, a few miles above New York. He led his army to the Virginia peninsula, and assisted in the capture of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Oct. 19, 1781, when he was presented with one of the captured cannon. In 1783 he received the decoration of Saint Esprit, and in 1791 was made a marshal of France. Early in 1792 he was placed in command of the Army of the North, and narrowly escaped the guillotine when the Jacobins wielded supreme power in Paris. Bonaparte gave him a pension in 1804, and the Cross of Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor. He dictated Memoirs (2 volumes, Paris, 1809). He died in Thore, May 10, 1807.

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