; born in Vendome, France
, July 1, 1725; entered the army at the age of sixteen years, and in 1745 became aid to Louis Philippe
He afterwards commanded a regiment, and was wounded at the battle of Lafeldt.
He was distinguished in several battles, especially at Minden
When it was
resolved by the French
monarch to send a military force to America
was created a lieutenant-general and
placed in command of it. He arrived at Newport, R. I.
, in July, 1780, and joined the American
army under Washington
, on the Hudson
, a few miles above New York.
He led his army to the Virginia peninsula
, and assisted in the capture of Cornwallis at Yorktown
, Oct. 19, 1781, when he was presented with one of the captured cannon.
In 1783 he received the decoration of Saint Esprit, and in 1791 was made a marshal of France
Early in 1792 he was placed in command of the Army of the North
, and narrowly escaped the guillotine when the Jacobins wielded supreme power in Paris
gave him a pension in 1804, and the Cross of Grand Officer
of the Legion of Honor.
He dictated Memoirs
(2 volumes, Paris
, 1809). He died in Thore, May 10, 1807.