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St.-Simon, Claude Anne, Marquis de 1743-

Military officer; born in the Castle of La Faye, Spain, in 1743; learned the art of gunnery and fortifications at Strasburg; distinguished himself in Flanders: and was chief of the body-guard of the King of Poland in 1758. After various services in Europe, he came to America with De Grasse, at the head of French troops, and assisted in the siege of Yorktown in 1781. In 1789 he was a deputy in the States-General. Being a native of Spain, [19] he returned to the service of that country, and assisted in the defence of Madrid in 1808. He was made prisoner and condemned to death, but the sentence

Claude Anne St.-Simon.

was commuted to exile. After Ferdinand VII. was re-established on the throne (1814), St.-Simon returned to Spain, and was made captain-general and grandee. He died Jan. 3, 1819.

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-Simon.Claude Anne Marquis St.-Simon (1)
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