; born in Londonderry, N. H.
, Aug. 28, 1728; removed, with his father, to Derryfield (now Manchester
) when he was about eight years old. In 1752, while on a hunting excursion, he was made a prisoner by the St. Francis Indians
, and was ransomed in a few weeks for $103. He became popular with the Indians, and was adopted into their tribe.
In 1755 he was made lieutenant of Rogers
's Rangers, and performed good service during the French
and Indian War. A member of the committee of safety at the commencement of the
Revolution, he was alive to the importance of every political event.
On the news of the fight at Lexington
, he hastened to Cambridge
and was immediately chosen colonel of the New Hampshire
He was efficient in the battle on Bunker
Near the close of 1776, after doing effective service in the Northern Department, he joined Washington
on the Delaware
He commanded the vanguard in the battle at Trenton
, and was active in that at Princeton
In the spring of 1777, displeased because he had been overlooked in promotions, he resigned his commission in the army and was placed in command of New Hampshire militia, raised there to oppose the British
advance from Canada
Acting upon the authority of his State and his own judgment, he refused to obey the orders of General Lincoln
to march to the west of the Hudson
He soon afterwards gained the battle at Hoosick
, near Bennington
(Aug. 16, 1777), for which Congress, overlooking his insubordination, thanked him. He joined Gates
at Bemis's Heights, but the term of his militia having expired, he went home, raised a new force, and cut off Burgoyne
's retreat from Saratoga
was placed in command of the Northern Department in 1778, and in 1779-80 served in Rhode Island
and New Jersey
He was also at West Point
, and was one of the court that condemned Major Andre
He was again in command of the Northern Department in 1781, with his headquarters at Saratoga
After the war he lived in retirement.
He was the last surviving general of the army, excepting Sumter
, who died in 1832.
He died in Manchester, N. H.
, May 8, 1822.