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Streight, Abdel D. 1829-

Military officer; born in Wheeler, N. Y., June 17, 1829; recruited the 51st Indiana Volunteers in 1861; was commissioned colonel, and was attached to the Army of the Cumberland. On April 11, 1863, he left Nashville with unmounted troops on steamboats, to descend the Cumberland to Fort Donelson, at Dover, and thence to sweep around the rear of Bragg's army in southern Tennessee, cut off all his railway communications in northern Georgia, destroy manufactories and depots of supplies, and in every way to cripple the Confederates. His was called an “independent provisional brigade,” created for a temporary purpose. Landing at Dover, Streight marched across to the Tennessee, at Fort Henry, where he remained until the boats went down the Ohio and up the Tennessee to that post. There he embarked his men, and, landing at Eastport, made a feint with General Dodge, then moving on Tuscumbia, to mask the real intention of his expedition. He had been directed to gather up horses on the way. He remained with [441] Dodge until after the capture of Tuscumbia. Then, with only about 300 of his 1,800 men on foot, he started southward, and, soon turning eastward, hastened towards Rome and Atlanta, Ga. The former was the seat of extensive Confederate iron-works, and the latter the focus of several converging railways. At the same time Dodge struck off southward, swept through a portion of northern Alabama, destroying a large amount of Confedrate property, and returned to Corinth. Streight and his raiders were pursued by Forrest and Roddy, and there was continual skirmishing and racing until they approached Rome, when Streight's ammunition and horses failed him, many of the poor beasts dying from sheer exhaustion. On May 3, when near Rome, the raiders, struck by their pursuers, were compelled to surrender. The captives were sent to Richmond and confined in Libby Prison, from which Streight and 100 officers escaped (February, 1864), by burrowing under the foundation walls of that building. Streight surrendered 1,365 men— Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois troops. After a short retirement he resumed command of his regiment; was promoted brigadiergeneral of volunteers, and served to the end of the war. In 1876 he was the unsuccessful candidate for governor of Indiana. He died near Indianapolis, Ind., May 27, 1892.

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Abdel D. Streight (6)
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