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A State of the United States, the forty-fifth in admission, is bounded on the north by Idaho and Wyoming, east by Wyoming and Colorado, south by Arizona, and west by Nevada. Area, 84,970 square miles, lying between long. 109° and 114° W., and north of lat. 37° N. Population, 1890, 207,905; 1900, 276,749. Capital, Salt Lake City.

Franciscan friars Silvestre Velez de Escalante and Francisco Atanasio Dominguez, looking for a route from Santa Fe to Monterey, Cal., reach Utah and Sevier lakes......September, 1776 [535]

Great Salt Lake discovered by James Bridger......1825

One hundred and twenty men, under William H. Ashley, come to Utah Lake from St. Louis through South Pass, and build Fort Ashley......1825

Jedediah S. Smith and fifteen trappers march from Great Salt Lake to Utah Lake, and thence to San Gabriel Mission, Cal., 1826; return to Utah......1827

J. Bartleson and twenty-seven emigrants for California proceed from Soda Springs to Corrine and thence into Nevada......August, 1841

Marcus Whitman and A. L. Lovejoy, on their way from Oregon to the United States, pass through Utah......1842

Col. John C. Fremont, with Kit Carson and three others, explores Great Salt Lake in a rubber boat......Sept. 8, 1843

Brigham Young and 142 Mormons, in search of a location for their new Zion, arrive at the site of Salt Lake City......July 21, 1847

Mormons to the number of 1,553, with 580 wagons, leave Council Bluffs, July 4, and reach Salt Lake......September, 1847

Utah included in the cession by Mexico to the United States by the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo......Feb. 2, 1848

James Brown purchases the tract where Ogden now stands from Miles M. Goodyear, who held it by Spanish grant as early as 1841......June 6, 1848

Provisional government for the State of Deseret, with capital at Salt Lake City, formed by a convention which met at Salt Lake City, March 4, and chose Brigham Young governor, March 12. First General Assembly convenes......July 2, 1849

Perpetual Emigration Fund Company organized at Salt Lake......Oct. 6, 1849

City of Provo founded......1849

First number of the Deseret News published at Salt Lake City......June 15, 1850

City of Ogden laid out......August, 1850

Territory of Utah created by act of Congress......Sept. 9, 1850

Salt Lake City incorporated......January, 1851

Coal discovered on Coal Creek at Cedar City......May, 1851

Capt. J. W. Gunnison massacred by the Pah-Utes while exploring Lake Sevier, with five out of ten companions......Oct. 26, 1853

Armed Mormons compel Associate-Judge W. W. Drummond, of the United States district court, who had become unpopular, to adjourn his court sine die......February, 1856

First “hand-cart” emigrants reach Great Salt Lake on foot from Iowa......Sept. 26, 1856

Judge Drummond resigns......March 30, 1857

Army of Utah, sent by President Buchanan as a posse comitatus to sustain the governor, begins to assemble at Fort Leavenworth......June, 1857

Nauvoo Legion, organized in 1840, is reorganized in Utah......July, 1857

Alfred Cumming appointed governor of Utah......July 11, 1857

Mountain Meadows massacre, about 30 miles southwest from Cedar City; Arkansas emigrants—thirty families—are fired upon by Indians, Sept. 7; forming a corral, after a siege of four days they surrender to John D. Lee, who promises protection, but all except seventeen children under seven years of age are massacred by Indians and Mormons......Sept. 11, 1857

Brigham Young by proclamation forbids armed forces to enter Salt Lake City, directs the troops in the Territory to repel such invasion, and declares martial law......Sept. 15, 1857

Mormons under Maj. Lot Smith destroy on the Green River and Big Sandy three or more supply-trains destined for the army of Utah......Oct. 5-6, 1857

Army of Utah, under Col. Albert Sidney Johnston, is ordered to Fort Badger, and into winter-quarters at Camp Scott. 2 or 3 miles from Fort Badger and 115 from Salt Lake City......November, 1857

Governor Cumming at Camp Scott proclaims the Territory in rebellion......Nov. 27, 1857

Col. Thomas L. Kane arrives at Salt Lake City as a peacemaker, with credentials from President Buchanan......Feb. 25, 1858

Governor Cumming visits Salt Lake City with Colonel Kane, leaving Camp Scott......April 5, 1858

A constitution for the State of Deseret, formed by a people's convention at Salt Lake City in March, 1856, is tabled in the United States Senate. April 20, 1858 [536]

Proclamation by President Buchanan offering amnesty to Mormons who submit to federal authority, issued April 6, is accepted by the Mormon leaders......June 2, 1858

Van of the army of Utah finds Salt Lake City deserted; 30,000 Mormons had moved southward......June 26, 1858

Governor Cumming resigns and leaves Salt Lake City......May, 1861

Another convention meets, Jan. 20, finishes a constitution for the State of Deseret, Jan. 23, ratified by the people......March 3, 1862

Act of Congress passed to punish and prevent polygamy in the Territories......July 1, 1862

Mormon apostates, known as Morrisites, indicted for armed resistance to law, when summoned to surrender by the sheriff resist for three days—June 13-16, 1862—until their leader, Joseph Morris, and others are killed; tried before Judge Kinney, seven are convicted of murder in the second degree......March, 1863

Gov. James Duane Doty dies......June 13, 1865

University of Deseret at Salt Lake City, chartered 1850, organized......March 8, 1869

Gov. J. Wilson Shaffer by proclamation forbids the review of the Nauvoo Legion of 13,000 men......Sept. 15, 1870

Vernon H. Vaughan succeeds Governor Shaffer, who dies......October, 1870

Zion's Co-operative Mercantile Institution incorporated......Dec. 1, 1870

Companies of the Nauvoo Legion are dispersed by federal authority......July 4, 1871

Brigham Young, ordered to be tried for bigamy, escapes......1871

Brigham Young surrenders for trial; proceedings annulled by the Supreme Court......1872

Brigham Young resigns temporal power......April 10, 1873

Brigham Young again indicted for polygamy......October, 1874

Adjudged to support one of his wives while she sues for divorce, March; imprisoned in his own house for non-compliance, November; discharged......December, 1875

John D. Lee, convicted of murder in the first degree for the Mountain Meadows massacre, Sept. 11, 1857, is shot on the site of it......March 23, 1877

Brigham Young dies......Aug. 29, 1877

School districts formed and a tax levied for school buildings......1880

Edmunds law against polygamy, amending law of 1862......March 22, 1882

Congress authorizes an industrial home at Salt Lake City for women renouncing polygamy, and for their children......1886

Edmunds-Tucker anti-polygamy law approved......March 3, 1887

Gentiles for the first time control a municipal election in Salt Lake City......Feb. 10, 1890

New free-school law, a territorial bureau of statistics established, and 8 per cent made the legal rate of interest by legislature at session......Jan. 13–March 13, 1890

Mormon Church renounces polygamy at a general conference in Salt Lake City......Oct. 6, 1890

New school law making public schools free......1890

Methodist University at Ogden founded......1890

Territorial reform school destroyed by fire......June 24, 1891

First election under national party lines; Mormon Republican and Democratic votes about equal......Aug. 4, 1891

Irrigation convention at Salt Lake City......Sept. 15, 1891

Cap-stone of temple in Salt Lake City laid by President Woodruff......April 6, 1892

Congress abolishes the Utah commission of five, under act of March 22, 1882, and transfers their duties to the governor, chief-justice, and secretary of Utah......July 14, 1892

President issues a proclamation of amnesty to Mormons liable to prosecution for polygamy......Jan. 4, 1893

New temple at Salt Lake City, begun forty years before, dedicated; cost, $12,000,000......April 6, 1893

Trans-Mississippi congress held in Ogden......April 24, 1893

Act permitting Utah to hold a constitutional convention and become a State, signed......July 17, 1893

Acting-Gov. Charles C. Richards issues a proclamation, ordering an election of delegates to the constitutional convention......Aug. 1, 1894 [537]

President Grover Cleveland issues a proclamation granting pardon and restoring civil rights to all persons who were disfranchised by the anti-polygamy laws, excepting those who had not complied with the proclamation issued by President Harrison in January, 1893......Sept. 27, 1894

At the general election in Utah the Republicans elect Frank J. Cannon delegate to Congress, also sixty of 107 delegates to the constitutional convention......Nov. 6, 1894

The board of education inaugurates compulsory education in Salt Lake City......Jan. 10, 1895

Utah's seventh constitutional convention convenes in Salt Lake City......March 4, 1895

The constitutional convention (the seventh) adopts the woman-suffrage clause......April 5, 1895

After adopting the constitution, the convention adjourns, after a session of sixty-six days, sine die......May 8, 1895

The Republicans elect Congressman Clarence E. Alien, a majority of the legislature, and the entire State ticket......Nov. 5, 1895

President Grover Cleveland signs the proclamation admitting Utah into the Union......Jan. 4, 1896

The State officers are installed. George M. Cannon, president of the Senate, and Presley Denney, speaker of the lower House......Jan. 6, 1896

The pioneer jubilee festivities. The pioneer monument is dedicated and surviving pioneers are decorated with golden badges......July 20, 1897

The fiftieth anniversary of the entrance of the pioneers into Great Salt Lake Valley is celebrated......July 24, 1897

The two batteries (A and B) of Utah's volunteer artillery are mustered into service at Fort Douglas......May 9, 1898

A troop of volunteer cavalry, subsequently known as Troop I of the 2d United States Cavalry, is organized in Salt Lake City, with John Q. Cannon captain......May 15, 1898

Willard Young, son of President Brigham Young, is appointed by President McKinley colonel of the 2d Regiment of United States volunteer engineers......May 31, 1898

The Utah batteries (A and B) sail for Manila, Philippines......June 15, 1898

A company of Utah United States volunteer engineers leave Salt Lake City for San Francisco en route to the Philippine Islands......July 10, 1898

Battery C (Utah volunteers) is organized and sworn into United States service......July 14, 1898

Memorial services are held in honor of the American sailors who lost their lives by the explosion of the Maine......July 24, 1898

President Wilford Woodruff, of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dies......Sept. 2, 1898

Lorenzo Snow chosen president of the Mormon Church......Sept. 13, 1898

The legislature adjourns sine die without electing a United States Senator......March 9, 1899

The Utah volunteers return from the Philippine Islands......Aug. 19, 1899

Congressman B. H. Roberts, of Utah, by a vote of 280 to 50, is excluded from the House of Representatives......Jan. 25, 1900

The Mothers' Congress held at Salt Lake City......April, 1900

A terrific explosion in the mines at Scofield, Utah, does much damage to life and property......May 1, 1900

Monument to the pioneers of Utah unveiled......July 25, 1900

Salt Lake City library receives $100,000 for grounds and building from John Q. Packard......1900

The legislature passes an anti-compulsory vaccination bill over the governor's veto......Feb. 21, 1901

George Q. Cannon, first counsellor to President Lorenzo Snow, and prominent in the history of the State, dies......April 12, 1901

Memorial services are held at Salt Lake City in honor of President McKinley......Sept. 19, 1901

President Lorenzo Snow, of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dies......Oct. 10, 1901

The first presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is reorganized, with Joseph F. Smith as president, and John R. Winder, first, and Anthon H. Lund, second counsellor......Oct. 17, 1901 [538]


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