: born in Princeton, N. J.
, Nov. 23, 1809; graduated at West Point
in 1831, but left the army in 1839.
He was employed in civil engineering and agriculture in Michigan
until the breaking-out of the Civil War
, when he became colonel of the 2d Minnesota volunteers.
He commanded these in the battle of Mill Spring
in January, 1862; and for his conduct there was made a brigadier-general in March.
He commanded a brigade in Crittenden
's division in northern Mississippi
; and when that officer was promoted (Oct. 1, 1862) General Van Cleve
took command of the division, with which he did excellent service in the battle of Stone River
, where he was wounded.
In September, 1863, he performed good service in northern Georgia
, particularly in the battle of Chickamauga
From 1863 to 1865 he was in command at Murfreesboro
He was mustered out of the volunteer service as brevet major-general March 13, 1865; and was adjutant-general of the State of Minnesota
in 1866-70 and 1876-82.
He died in Minneapolis, Minn.
, April 24, 1891.