Reformer; born in 1799; became known through his connection with Robert Owen
in the latter's attempt to establish a socialistic community in 1825-26 in New Harmony, Ind.
The failure of this experiment greatly discouraged him, but he sought to accomplish the same thing by individual sovereignty.
In his opinion a righteous reward for labor was a similar amount of labor, which view he illustrated by the hypothesis, “If I am a bricklayer, and need the services of a physician, an hour of my work in bricklaying is the proper recompense to be given the physician for an hour of his services.”
He carried out this plan in Cincinnati, O.
, where for two years he was successful in an enterprise called the “time store.”
He was the author of True civilization
, in which he explained his theories.
He died in Boston, Mass.
, April 14, 1874.