Journalist; born in Cairo, N. Y.
, Nov. 15, 1797; became an orphan in early childhood, with a very scant school education; learned the printer's trade.
When fifteen years of age he entered the army as a volunteer, serving throughout the War
of 1812 as quartermaster-sergeant; at the age of twenty-one began the publication of a newspaper, the Agriculturist
, at Norwich, N. Y.
Two years later he founded the Onondaga county Republican
He was unsuccessful, and worked as a journeyman printer until 1825, when he was engaged to edit a daily paper at Rochester, N. Y.
, an anti-masonic paper, and was twice elected to the legislature.
In 1830 he became editor of the Albany Evening journal
, in opposition to the “Albany
regency,” the nullification policy of Calhoun
, and also to the policy of President Jackson
, and conducted it with great ability more than thirty years. Throughout this period he was influential in both State and national politics, and became known as the most adroit of party managers.
He was an original leader of the Whig party, active in the election of Governor Seward
in 1838 and 1840, in President Harrison
's nomination in 1836 and election of 1840, in President Taylor
's and General Scott
's nominations in 1848 and 1852 respectively.
He advocated the nomination of Seward
for the Presidency in 1856 and 1860, and cordially supported Fremont
In 1861 he went to Europe
with Archbishop Hughes
and Bishop McIlvaine
, under a commission from the national government, to endeavor to prevent foreign recognition of the Confederacy
On his return he settled in New York City, where he edited the Commercial Advertiser
till ill-health caused his retirement in 1867.
He published Letters from Europe and the West Indies
, and Reminiscences
in the Atlantic monthly
He died in New York City, Nov. 22, 1882.
was published in Boston