A city and county seat of Muskingum county, O.
; at the confluence of the Muskingum
and Licking rivers
miles east of Columbus
It was laid out in 1799 by Ebenezer Zane
(q. v.) and John McIntyre
, who with Jonathan Zane
surveyed the part of the national turnpike between Wheeling, W. Va.
, and Maysville, Ky.
, and acquired a large tract of land here.
The settlement was successively known as Zanetown, Westbourne, and, since 1804, Zanesville
Here the first legislature of the State met in 1804-5, and here was the seat of the State
government in 1810-12.
built the first cabin, the first tavern, and the first ferry across the Muskingum
, and left a handsome estate to the place for the support of free schools.
Population in 1900, 23,538.