Fifth regiment Massachusetts Cavalry.
（1) Col. Henry S. Russell
（2) Col. Charles F. Adams
（3) Col. Samuel E. Chamberlain
, Bvt. Brig. Gen.
U. S. Vols.
|Field and staff.||Line||A||B||C||D||E||F||G||H||I||K||L||M||Recruits.||Totals.|
|Number on regimental rolls,—|
|Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.||–||–||–||1||1||1||1||–||–||–||–||–||–||1||–||5|
|Actual total of members of regiment,—|
The 5th Cavalry, the only regiment of colored cavalry organized in Massachusetts
, was recruited in the autumn
of 1863 and 1864, and in three battalions left the State
from May 5 to 8, 1864.
The 1st Battalion, comprising Cos. A, mustered Jan. 9, 1864, and B, C and D, mustered January 29, in command of Maj. Horace N. Weld
, reached Washington
May 7, and on the 13th, serving as infantry, joined the brigade of colored troops at Camp Casey. Cos. E, mustered February 10, F, February 23, G and H, mustered in March, formed the 2d Battalion, commanded by Maj. Z. B. Adams
; and with the 3d Battalion comprising Cos. I, mustered March 26, K and L, mustered in April, and M, on May 5, joined the 1st Battalion, at Camp Casey before the 14th of May.
On the 16th the regiment was assigned to the 3d Division, 18th Army Corps, and, equipped as infantry, was stationed at City Point, Va.
, serving in detachments, in reconnoitring expeditions and picket duty.
The most severe engagement in which the regiment took part occurred at Baylor's Farm, on the Petersburg Road
, in June; Colonel Russell
being wounded here, the command was assumed by Maj. H. P. Bowditch
For a time the regiment was a part of Hincks
' Division, Wild
's Brigade, 18th Army Corps, and was on duty before Petersburg
; but on June 29 it was assigned to the 10th Corps, and was stationed at Point Lookout, Md.
, during the remainder of the year.
In February, 1865, under Colonel Adams
, Colonel Russell
having resigned, the regiment took part in the siege of Petersburg
, and after the surrender encamped in the vicinity of City Point
until June, when it was ordered to Clarksville, Tex.
; here it remained until Oct. 31, 1865, when it was mustered out of service, having been since August 1 under command of Col. Samuel E. Chamberlain
After its muster out the regiment returned to Massachusetts
, and in the latter part of November, 1865, was paid off and discharged at Boston